Breast cancer happens when cells grow out of control inside the breast. Cancer in the breast can spread to other parts of the body. Symptoms of male breast cancer are the same as those in women. Before puberty, boys and girls have the same amount of breast tissue. Breast tissue is made up of milk-producing glands called lobules, ducts that transport milk to the nipples, and fat.
According to the American Cancer Societythe chances of surviving 5 years or more after diagnosis are, on average:. Your odds of being cured are highest if you catch the cancer early. Back to Breast cancer in men. Male breast cancer is usually treated with surgery to remove the breast modified radical mastectomy and some lymph nodes. They are experienced in oncology care, including helping patients Symptons of male breast cancer Percentage of getting pregnant after tubaligation families who have questions about cancer. Anyone who has concerns about breast changes should see their doctor. This is because men do not usually have much lobular glandular breast tissue. Male breast cancer is a rare cancer that forms in the breast tissue of men. Less than 1 out of mald of breast cancer occurs in a man.
Flash player porn addict. Where breast cancer starts
Distress management. Metastatic breast cancer symptoms depend on the part of the body to which the cancer has spread and its stage. Male breast cancer is a rare cancer that forms in the breast tissue of men. In: Current Surgical Therapy. But because men are born with a small amount of breast tissue, they can develop breast cancer. Anyone who All i wanna do is rock concerns about breast changes should see their doctor. Instead, triple-negative breast cancer treatment options will include chemotherapy, targeted therapy malle radiation. News from Mayo Clinic Men can get breast cancer Oct. Earlier diagnosis could make a life-saving difference. Mayo Clinic Marketplace Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic. Mutations in one of several genes, especially Symptons of male breast cancer gene called BRCA2 fancer, put you at greater risk of developing breast and prostate cancers. Symptons of male breast cancer typically involves surgery to remove the breast tissue. More aggressive: A greater tendency to spread and recur after treatment compared to other breast cancer types. Lobular carcinoma in situ LCIS does not cause symptoms and cannot be seen with Blighted pregnancy mammogram.
The outlook for male breast cancer is excellent if diagnosis occurs in the early stages.
- Male breast cancer is a rare cancer that forms in the breast tissue of men.
- The outlook for male breast cancer is excellent if diagnosis occurs in the early stages.
- While many women go to the doctor after finding a lump, every woman should also be aware of other changes to the breast or nipple.
Join the Detroit Red Wings during the month of November to fundraise for the fight against cancer! Get tickets now! Less than 1 out of cases of breast cancer occurs in a man. Although the exact cause of breast cancer is not known, most experts agree that some men have a greater risk for breast cancer than others.
Male breast cancer mostly affects older men. Things that increase a man's risk of breast cancer include: Radiation exposure Family history of breast cancer in his female relatives Inheriting gene mutations, such as the BRCA2 gene Having a genetic disorder called Klinefelter syndrome or a liver disease cirrhosis '. The most common symptom of male breast cancer is a painless lump or swelling behind the nipple. Other symptoms can include a discharge from the nipple or a lump or thickening in the armpit.
Although most men diagnosed with breast cancer are older than 65, breast cancer can appear in younger men. For this reason, any breast lump in an adult male is considered abnormal and should be checked out by a doctor.
Male breast cancer is usually treated with surgery to remove the breast modified radical mastectomy and some lymph nodes. In some cases, breast-conserving surgery is possible.
Since male breast cancer is so rare, there hasn't been the opportunity to research breast cancer treatments for men. Male breast cancer is similar to female breast cancer so some of the same treatments may be used. These include radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and targeted therapy. They are experienced in oncology care, including helping patients and their families who have questions about cancer.
They can also assist you in getting the appointment process started, if you decide to have your care at the U-M Rogel Cancer Center. Male Breast Cancer Breast cancer in men is rare Less than 1 out of cases of breast cancer occurs in a man.
Male Breast Cancer Risk Factors Things that increase a man's risk of breast cancer include: Radiation exposure Family history of breast cancer in his female relatives Inheriting gene mutations, such as the BRCA2 gene Having a genetic disorder called Klinefelter syndrome or a liver disease cirrhosis ' Male Breast Cancer Symptoms The most common symptom of male breast cancer is a painless lump or swelling behind the nipple.
Treatment for Male Breast Cancer Male breast cancer is usually treated with surgery to remove the breast modified radical mastectomy and some lymph nodes.
This risk decreases after the first few years following therapy. Ductal carcinoma in situ DCIS does not cause any symptoms. Male breast cancer treatment PDQ. They found out that the cause of that was breast cancer. However, the changes to the surface of the breast caused by inflammatory breast cancer can be seen with the naked eye. These conditions and certain medical treatments — and especially those that involve estrogen — appear to increase the risk. Possible symptoms of male breast cancer include:.
Symptons of male breast cancer. Early warning signs of breast cancer
Sometimes the breasts can become quite large. Non-cancer-related enlargement of the breasts can be caused by medications, heavy alcohol use, weight gain, or marijuana use. A small study about male breast cancer found that the average time between first symptom and diagnosis was 19 months, or over a year and a half.
That's a very long time! This is probably because people don't expect breast cancer to happen to men, so there is little to no early detection. Earlier diagnosis could make a life-saving difference. With more research and more public awareness, men will learn that — just like women — they need to go to their doctor right away if they detect any persistent changes to their breasts. I had a pre-employment physical and the doctor said, 'You ought to go see your personal physician.
They found out that the cause of that was breast cancer. Your doctor may recommend that you meet with a genetic counselor in order to consider genetic testing to see if you carry genes that increase your risk of cancer. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version.
Overview Male breast cancer is a rare cancer that forms in the breast tissue of men. Male breast cancer is most common in older men, though it can occur at any age. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Share on: Facebook Twitter. Show references Ferzoco RM, et al. The epidemiology of male breast cancer.
Current Oncology Reports. Cameron JL, et al. The management of male breast cancer. In: Current Surgical Therapy. Philadelphia, Pa. Accessed Feb. Gradishar WJ. Breast cancer in men. Male breast cancer treatment PDQ. National Cancer Institute.
Male Breast Cancer: Symptoms, Risk Factors, and More
The outlook for male breast cancer is excellent if diagnosis occurs in the early stages. However, early diagnosis is not always possible. One factor in diagnosis delay is a lack of awareness. While many women know how to look out for changes that could indicate breast cancer, there is less awareness among men, which means they may be less likely to seek help in the early stages. Breast cancer can also affect males differently , as they have a small amount of breast tissue in comparison with females.
This can make it easier to detect small lumps, but it also means that the cancer has less room to grow within the breast.
As a result, it may spread more quickly to nearby tissues. As a result, overall survival rates are lower for men than for women. Read on to find out more about how to recognize male breast cancer and what to do if changes occur. Possible symptoms of male breast cancer include:. According to the American Cancer Society , the chances of surviving 5 years or more after diagnosis are, on average:. For this reason, it is essential to seek help as soon as a person notices changes. Early stage breast cancer responds well to treatment.
Diagnostic methods and treatments have improved in the last few years, and so the chances of living for at least 5 years after diagnosis are probably higher than the above figures for people currently receiving a diagnosis. Expert, evidence-based advice delivered straight to your inbox to help you take control of your health. The doctor will ask about symptoms and the individual's personal and family medical history, including any history of estrogen use or radiation treatment. They may suggest the following tests :.
Sometimes, a doctor will recommend removing a lump and carrying out a biopsy at the same time. They may only remove a part of the area that appears to be affected and carry out a test, or they may remove the whole area, including some of the normal breast tissue surrounding it.
If results show that cancer is present, several treatment options are available. The choice will depend on how big the tumor is and whether cancer has spread to other areas. Options include :. Mastectomy : The surgeon removes the whole breast and some of the surrounding tissue. Some people may need radiation therapy after surgery to remove any remaining traces of cancer.
It is also a treatment option in the later stages of the disease. In some cancers, estrogen receptors are present on the walls of the cancerous cells. In these cases, estrogen helps the cells to divide and grow.
Hormone therapy can block the effects of estrogen and slow the growth of cancer. Tamoxifen prevents estrogen from entering the cancerous cells. Another drug, toremifene Fareston , is similar but only has approval for people with late stage breast cancer that has spread to other parts of the body. Aromatase inhibitors block the effects of the aromatase protein. This, in turn, reduces estrogen levels in the body. These drugs have proven effective in treating breast cancer in women, and some doctors prescribe them for male breast cancer.
Fulvestrant Faslodex destroys estrogen receptors. Doctors may prescribe it for people with late stage breast cancer. Depending on the type, hormone treatment can have adverse effects, such as hot flashes, sexual problems, fatigue , mood swings, a higher risk of blood clots, bone thinning, and pain in the muscles and joints.
In some cases, a doctor may recommend chemotherapy. This is treatment with a drug that kills cancer cells. A doctor often gives it as an injection, but sometimes a person can take it by mouth. Chemotherapy can prevent cancer from returning if a person uses it after surgery, or treat the symptoms of late stage cancer that has spread to other parts of the body.
Most adverse effects of chemotherapy disappear after the treatment finishes. Learn more here about chemotherapy, what it involves, and its effects. Various genetic features and changes can affect an individual's risk of cancer.
As scientists learn more about the link between different genetic mutations and cancer, they are developing drugs that can target the specific changes that result. Targeted therapy is a relatively new type of cancer treatment that affects proteins that are involved when specific genetic changes lead to cancer.
It is different from chemotherapy as it does not target the whole body. For example, in some men with breast cancer, there is too much of a protein known as HER2 on the surface of the cancer cells. HER2 -positive breast cancers tend to be more aggressive than some other types. Some drugs, such as trastuzumab Herceptin , appear to slow the progression of cancer by targeting HER2.
Mutations in the BRCA genes and other genes also cause protein changes, and targeted therapy may help in these cases, too. Scientists have identified other genes that affect the course of breast cancer and continue to develop drugs that may improve the outlook for people with these specific changes. Experts do not know exactly why cancer develops in the breast, but they have identified a number of risk factors.
A common factor appears to be a high level of the female hormone estrogen in relation to androgen. Genetic, environmental, and medical factors can all contribute to this. Genetic mutations may increase the risk of breast cancer.
There is often a family history of breast cancer in people with these changes. As with many conditions, however, genetic features alone may not lead to cancer. Environmental factors may also need to be present. Factors that may increase the risk of breast cancer in men include :. Age : Men who receive a diagnosis of breast cancer are over 72 years old on average. Radiation : A man who has previously had radiation treatment to the chest area may have a higher risk.
Alcohol: There appears to be a link between high alcohol consumption and male breast cancer. Jobs : There may be a link between breast cancer and exposure to organic solvents or working with steel and rolling mills.
Males with some health conditions, such as Klinefelter syndrome , appear to have a 20—60 times higher risk of breast cancer than those without the condition. These conditions and certain medical treatments — and especially those that involve estrogen — appear to increase the risk.
People who undergo surgery to remove one or both testicles may also have a higher risk. If there is a history of male breast cancer in the family, a person should regularly check for changes and see a doctor, as soon as possible, if these occur.
The individual may also consider asking their doctor about genetic testing. Leading a healthy lifestyle — for example, by exercising, maintaining a healthy weight, and limiting alcohol consumption — may help prevent male breast cancer. If a man receives a diagnosis of breast cancer in the early stages, there is a good chance of effective treatment. However, it can sometimes be hard to get an early diagnosis since the disease is rare and can resemble other conditions that are not cancerous.
For this reason, diagnosis may come at a later stage. Being aware of the signs and symptoms of male breast cancer increases the chances of getting early treatment.
The main symptom of male breast cancer is a lump in the breast area. What are breast lumps? Click here to find out more about recognizing the characteristic lumps of breast cancer. Stay in the know. Expert, evidence-based advice delivered straight to your inbox to help you take control of your health Sign Up.
Anyone who has concerns about breast changes should see their doctor. The outlook is good for people who get an early diagnosis and prompt treatment.