Federally funded abstinence-only programs use curricula that contain "false, misleading or distorted information about reproductive health," according to a congressional study prepared for Representative Henry A. Waxman D-CA. For example, while abstinence-only classes encourage young people to take a pledge that they will remain virgins until marriage, the Waxman study cites research that indicates "virginity pledgers" are no less likely to engage in premarital sex than their peers. Pledgers have rates of sexually transmitted diseases similar to other teens, and are less likely to use contraception in the event that they do engage in sexual intercourse. The Bush administration distorted science-based performance measures when testing whether abstinence-only programs were proving effective.
Related resources Podcast. Not only is information inadequate, but opponents believe that young people have the right to receive comprehensive information about how to protect themselves and their sexual health. Provides values-based education and offers students the opportunity to explore and define their individual values as well as Abstinence only sexual education Mairia bello ass of their families and communities. Guttmacher Policy Review. Contraception Only 24 states and DC require that sex education be taught in schools Text Box 1. Abstinence-only education programs also contain misinformation about abortions. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health. Topics Women's Health Policy.
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For this study, researchers sought to better eudcation how abstinence-only sex education affects marginalized students — young women, racial and ethnic minorities, LGBTQ students and other gender-nonconforming students. They generally do not discuss contraceptive methods or condoms unless to emphasize Dnangel hentai manga failure rates. Not all states require schools to teach sex ed. Four researchers teamed up to look at the relationship between teen birth rates and federal funding for two types Abstinence only sexual education sex education program — one that teaches abstinence until marriage and one that takes a Abstinence only sexual education comprehensive approach. E; McFarlane, D. Sex Res Soc Policy 5: Under the Obama Administration, there was a notable shift in abstinence education funding toward more evidence-based sex education initiatives. Black male gay sex stories study aims to determine whether girls and young women who take these Abstinenc are less likely to become pregnant outside of marriage or acquire an STD. Archived from the original on edcation A Cochrane systematic review suggests that abstinence-only education neither increases nor decreases HIV risk in high-income countries.
Teen sexual health outcomes over the past decade have been mixed.
- Sex education has been a controversial subject for decades as public school officials and parents have debated the best ways to help teenagers avoid unplanned pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases.
- Teen sexual health outcomes over the past decade have been mixed.
- Abstinence-only sex education is a form of sex education that teaches not having sex outside of marriage.
Get involved in our campaigns and help ensure young people's health and rights. They usually censor information about contraception and condoms for the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases STDs and unintended pregnancy. Abstinence-Centered Education— Another term normally used to mean abstinence-only programs. Comprehensive Sex Education teaches about abstinence as the best method for avoiding STDs and unintended pregnancy, but also teaches about condoms and contraception to reduce the risk of unintended pregnancy and of infection with STDs, including HIV.
It also teaches interpersonal and communication skills and helps young people explore their own values, goals, and options. Abstinence-Plus Education— Programs which include information about contraception and condoms in the context of strong abstinence messages.
Press enter to search. Take Action Join the movement of young people working to protect our health and lives. Our Campaigns Get involved in our campaigns and help ensure young people's health and rights. Donate now Support youth activists working for reproductive and sexual health and rights. Sign up Get text and email updates. Editor: Sue Alford. Next Resource Sign up for Updates.
Abstinence-Only-Until-Marriage Education. Teaches that sexuality is a natural, normal, healthy part of life. Teaches that sexual expression outside of marriage will have harmful social, psychological, and physical consequences.
Teaches that abstinence from sexual intercourse is the most effective method of preventing unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV. Teaches that abstinence from sexual intercourse before marriage is the only acceptable behavior.
Provides values-based education and offers students the opportunity to explore and define their individual values as well as the values of their families and communities. Teaches only one set of values as morally correct for all students. Includes a wide variety of sexuality related topics, such as human development, relationships, interpersonal skills, sexual expression, sexual health, and society and culture.
Limits topics to abstinence-only-until-marriage and to the negative consequences of pre-marital sexual activity. Includes accurate, factual information on abortion, masturbation, and sexual orientation. Usually omits controversial topics such as abortion, masturbation, and sexual orientation. Provides positive messages about sexuality and sexual expression, including the benefits of abstinence.
Often uses fear tactics to promote abstinence and to limit sexual expression. Teaches that proper use of latex condoms, along with water-based lubricants, can greatly reduce, but not eliminate, the risk of unintended pregnancy and of infection with sexually transmitted diseases STDs including HIV.
Discusses condoms only in terms of failure rates; often exaggerates condom failure rates. Provides no information on forms of contraception other than failure rates of condoms. Often includes inaccurate medical information and exaggerated statistics regarding STDs, including HIV; suggests that STDs are an inevitable result of premarital sexual behavior.
Teaches that a woman faced with an unintended pregnancy has options: carrying the pregnancy to term and raising the baby, or carrying the pregnancy to term and placing the baby for adoption, or ending the pregnancy with an abortion. Teaches that carrying the pregnancy to term and placing the baby for adoption is the only morally correct option for pregnant teens.
Girls and young women who are sexual minorities and received formal sex education during adolescence were more likely to become pregnant than their heterosexual peers, according to the study. Health Psychol Rev 11 1 , Cohen Teen sexual health outcomes over the past decade have been mixed. But the results indicate these programs might increase STD rates in states with relatively small populations. The team finds that the more topics young men covered in sex education class, the more likely that two types of birth control were used during their last sexual encounter.
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Federally funded abstinence-only programs use curricula that contain "false, misleading or distorted information about reproductive health," according to a congressional study prepared for Representative Henry A. Waxman D-CA. For example, while abstinence-only classes encourage young people to take a pledge that they will remain virgins until marriage, the Waxman study cites research that indicates "virginity pledgers" are no less likely to engage in premarital sex than their peers.
Pledgers have rates of sexually transmitted diseases similar to other teens, and are less likely to use contraception in the event that they do engage in sexual intercourse. The Bush administration distorted science-based performance measures when testing whether abstinence-only programs were proving effective.
The administration insisted that the Centers for Disease Control, the federal agency sponsoring abstinence education, measure success by the participation rates and attitudes of teens attending the programs, 4 not the pregnancy rates of those teens, as had been the previous standard. In addition to being ineffective at deterring teen pregnancy and disease, the Waxman study reports that federally-funded abstinence-only programs teach children false scientific information.
Some of the misinformation suggests poor research and editing by curricula authors. For example, one curriculum explains that "twenty-four chromosomes from the mother and twenty-four chromosomes from the father join to create this new individual;" the actual number is twenty-three.
Most of the errors, however, appear to stem from an ideological effort to scare young people about sex, contraception, and abortion. The treatment of condoms is one example. The U. Center for Disease Control has found that "latex condoms provide an essentially impermeable barrier to particles the size of STD pathogens.
Think on a microscopic level. The size difference between a sperm cell and the HIV virus can be roughly related to the difference between the size of a football field and a football. Abstinence-only education programs also contain misinformation about abortions.
The Waxman study highlights the necessity for more government oversight to ensure that federally funded education programs teach scientific fact, not falsehood. Waxman, 1. Bruckner, H.
After the promise: the STD consequences of adolescent virginity pledges. Journal of Adolescent Health Guidelines were available online, but have since been removed. Federal Register , November 17, Waxman, 7. Centers for Disease Control, Trussell, J.
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