To browse Academia. Skip to main content. You're using an out-of-date version of Internet Explorer. Log In Sign Up. Arnold Vlietinck.
Anthony Raymond Santarn. Nichoas Keoki Valos. Jeffrey Scott Camara. Robert Steven Baptista. Richards conceded Kaaiakamanu butch Estiamba's injuries were too severe to have been caused by a mere fall onto his dining room carpet. Walter Lincoln Kalu hokalan. Brenton K beirne. Everbest Publishing pp. Funding was also provided by the Belgian
Dallas sucks suck. Description:
Share this page on Twitter! Chapter 8 Momoko hung up so Kaoru sighed and hung up as well. Williams R. Prologue 2. Need any help or having any feedback? Years ago many people were unable to read and write, thus a given ancestor's Kaaiakamanu butch could be spelled in a variety of ways depending on who recorded it. Kaaiakamanu name numerology is 3 and here you can learn how to pronounce Kaaiakamanu, Kaaiakamanu name origin, numerology and similar names to Kaaiakamanu. Whether Kaaiakamanu butch are a beginner or expert genealogists, knowing How can I decipher the handwriting in old Kaaiakamanu documents? List of Pearl Harbor Casualties - Kaaiakamanu. Note: Please try to record the pronunciation within 3 seconds. Person Name. Kaoru Kaaiakamanu butch getting this feeling like she's missing something in her life. Web: Distribution of the Kaaiakamanu surname in U.
- However, it really was reality.
- Kaaiakamanu name numerology is 3 and here you can learn how to pronounce Kaaiakamanu, Kaaiakamanu name origin, numerology and similar names to Kaaiakamanu.
- Our editors have compiled this checklist of genealogical resources, combining links to commercial databases along with user-contributed information and web sites for the Kaaiakamanu surname.
- Howard K.
Clyde W. Box Honolulu, Hawai'i Juclicial Watch, Inc. Tamatoa Kekoahawai'okalan i Savaiinaea Silva o. Elijah Falani Kanalu Barrett. Levi Anthanas ius Manners. Kaeo Samuel Everett.
Carey Yukuo Chun. Alan Thomas Rosehlll Norma wendt Trimming. Francis Hekekia o Markie Leikanoenaalii Belmodis.
Dore Lee Weber. Lisa-Mre Haunan Martin. Daylan Ka'ai Martin-Histo. Bronson Ka'ena H isto. Carlos Lawrence Andrade Kaala lwalani onzalez. Priscilla Veronica Kubota r Jinny E. Mahialani Malczon. Jon Robert Santos. Bran Jvon illo o Cathleen Ku u leilan i Hedges. Esther Pualan i Hernandez o Cail Otare. Bonne Lee Lelan Latham. Lloyd Calloway Kuiviwailan Lono. Tracy N Nakagawa. Kevin Loy Olds. Margaret Mary Kehaunani Uiagalelei. Laurie Lehuanani Pelekai.
Martha Mapuana Popowich o Avalon Provin. Andonios P. Georgette Nohea Stevens Andrei M. Dean lokepamauli-ola Hill. Liam Lonala Kanoho Hill. Joshua Kale Keahi Hill. Jonathan Keanulii Kanoho Hill. Cage Kekumu Kawika Hill-Mourey. Twyla Mahealani Maxilom. Dave M. Haunan Michelle Kaleiwahea. Royce Kaleialoha Kee-on Kaauwai. Rosemary Le Wong Lehardy. Gail Mamo Martin.
Steven Kawika Wei Lun mau. Albert Kalani Nuwakamoku Figuerro. Millen " , ch ristine. Wendell Keith Kaohmaunu Magner. James Kenneth silva. Rowena Kehaulani Low o Don Kaiei kane. Jacob Bryan Ka'omakaokala Aki. Bob Olmos Arnold. Theres Charlotte Can. Lance Piikea Lonohii Self. Justen Keaka Mokiao-lee o Kayla Piilani kahale. Keolani Emily Kahale. Darrylnn A Ferrera. Melanie Kawai. Lida EK Morqado. John Kalattui Rosa. Rowena Robin Kalama. Jeremy D Wilkins. Shellene H Cilman. Makai C Moore. Craighton Kalanimoku Hung Chun Handley.
Norman Francis Ho o Abraham Apelehana laukea. Jonathan Herbert Wong. James Adams Gerald. Derek Hoohauoli Kauanoe. Francis Wayne lnovejas. Wayne Samuel Santos o. Puao Dawson. Davd Kaena Puao Dawson.
Lorralne Leiilimalani Puaoi Dawson. Dayton Kaimikaua Puaoi Dawson. Catherine Bernadette Brooks. William Kaleoopapa Buchanan. Emmaia Sally Dacalo-Spencer. Blossom Puanan i Feiteira. Jerem iah-Nathanel loane Kama. Fasha Keawaiki Taeario Solomon. Hanale Yukutaru Aipoalani. Naomi Abigail Kah ikina. Myron Kamohoalii Brumaghim. Bridget Ann w Dando. Angela June Neller. Emma Kahalepaiwi Neller. Carly Lehua Mounts. Kaiulan Manuwai-Oiph. Craighton Kalanimoku Handley.
Los lVillani Hewlett. Kanekawaiola Albert Jervs. Maylene Decanto Keamo. Sundra Kau pena Ornellas. Laure K Balalio. Tammy Kaneaiakala. Patrick Wayne Goldstein. Duke Kalehoku Maunakea. Keoki Raymond. Brenda Luana Lee. Carol Aulan Takatsuka. Tah nee L Dudot. Chrles H Ak.
Web: Kaaiakamanu search results from GENi. Share this page on Twitter! Kaoru sighed and got up, walking slowly to the bathroom; practically still half-asleep. Terms of Service. Chapter 18 Petitions for Naturalization.
Kaaiakamanu butch. Networking with Kaaiakamanu Researchers
One key to a successful Kaaiakamanu reunion is preparation, and for the family researcher that means getting the word out in advance on what to bring such as the family photo collection ; arranging for the display of shared information; and planning activities conducive to sharing; and one of the best ways to get others to participate is in bringing something of your own to share such a picture pedigree, compiled family history or biographical sketch, or even a copies of a treasured photo as a gift for each family -- you may even want to consider putting together a reunion newsletter in advance to be distributed at the reunion, asking for help in solving one or more specific family mysteries: you never know who might have insight they are willing to share, one-on-one.
Suggested use: Print a copy of this free research checklist, and keep track of the Kaaiakamanu genealogy resources that you visit. If your web browser does not print the date on the bottom, remember to record it manually.
If you host the Kaaiakamanu blog or web page , please link to this surname-focused resource. Here's the HTML code for a basic link. Powered by Miva Script 3. Completed by on. Database Search: GenealogyBank. Web: Public Member Trees at Ancestry. Kaaiakamanu in New England Early Genealogy. Web: Kaaiakamanu search results from GENi. Web: Free search of RootsWeb. Census search. Web: Kaaiakamanu records in the Genealogy Bank. Kaaiakamanu family in Old Colony Ancestors. Web: Free Kaaiakamanu results at FamilySearch.
Web: Kaaiakamanu family tree results from MyHeritage. Web: America's Obituaries - Current. Web: Free citation lookup at Obituary Depot. Funeral Cards with Online Images. American Revolutionary War Records Navy Pension Fund Records American Civil War Records Medal of Honor Recipients - Kaaiakamanu. List of Pearl Harbor Casualties - Kaaiakamanu.
Web: Countries of Origin for the Kaaiakamanu last name. Web: The Wikipedia Kaaiakamanu Surname page. Find used Kaaiakamanu books on ABEbooks. Petitions for Naturalization. Web: DeadFred photos that match Kaaiakamanu. Web: FamilyOldPhotos. Kaoru's mom nodded so Kaoru quickly went up the stairs and into her room. She lay down on her bed and sighed, looking at the ceiling.
Story Story Writer Forum Community. Powerpuff Girls Z. Kaoru keeps getting this feeling like she's missing something in her life. The thing is that she doesn't know what it is Kaoru: who's your inspirer? Kaoru: dejiko! Her first thought came to Narushima A. A her first love. Kaoru sighed.
She sighed. You need to know this! I saw Brick just a minute ago! They can't be back. Kaoru nodded. I just hafta go change first. The Rowdyruff Boys can't really be back…right? Prologue 2. Chapter 1 3. Chapter 2 4. Chapter 3 5. Chapter 4 6. Chapter 5 7. Chapter 6 8. Chapter 7 9. Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Chapter 10 Chapter 11 Chapter 12 Chapter 13 Chapter 14 Chapter 15 Chapter 16 Chapter 17 Chapter 18 Chapter 19
To browse Academia. Skip to main content. You're using an out-of-date version of Internet Explorer. Log In Sign Up. Arnold Vlietinck. Phytomedicine Vol. Summary Hawaiian medicinal plants commonly used for the treatment of a variety of infections were screened for antivira l activity against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 H IV Th e greatest degree of antiviral activ ity was obse rved wit h aq ueous ex- tr acts made fro m the bark of Eugenia malaccensis L.
Methanol and water ex- tracts made from the Pipturusalbidus Gray leaves and bark also achieved a high selective inhi- bition of virus replicatio n with very low cytotoxici ty. Plant extracts made from Aleurites moluc- cana Willd. These data provide a rationale for the characterizatio n of antiviral nat ural pro ducts fro m these plants and related plant species.
Approximately differen t plants have been used strai ns, the develo pmen t of effective therapies for hum an by Hawaiians to trea t a variety of ailments, includin g infec- immuno deficiency virus type 1 HIV-1 infection is depen- tio us diseases Kaaiakama nu and Akina, ; Hand y et dent upon the identification of novel therapeutic agents aI. Much attention has been directed at tro p- and Shimazu, Some of these pla nt s were shown to ical rainforests for the identification of new natural pr oduct possess anti -bacterial properties Bushnell et aI.
Since ethnobotanical leads have logical activity. Locher ing for identifying biologically active plants Farnsworth et Five days after infection , the viability of mock and HIV- al. Several plants 3- 4,5-dimethylthiazolyl -2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bro- had potent selective antivira l activity, one of which Aleur- mide MTT; Sigma Chemical Co.
Louis, MO , also ites moluccana is used by traditional medicinal practition- kn own as the MIT assay. The absor bances were read in an ers to treat herpes virus infections. Th ese plants and their eight-channel computer-controlled ph otometer M ultiscan relatives may pro vide new approac hes for the identification M CC, ICN Flow at two wavelengths and nm. All data represent the avera ge values for a minimum of three wells. Th e percent protection achieved by the compounds Plant material was collected on the islands of Hawai 'i in HIV-infected cells was calculated by the following for- and O 'ahu and vouch er specimens were stored for depo si- mula: tion at the University of Hawaii at Manoa Department of OD - OD.
Botan y. Plant s were prepared concentration of the test compound in HIV-infected cells; for ext raction by first drying plant mater ial by lyophiliza- ODchnv is the optical density measured for the control un- tion unde r vacuum pressure. Eight gram s of dried plant ma- treated HIV-infected cells; and ODclmock is the optical den- terial was extracted by using a Soxhlet extractor with sol- sity measured for con tro l untreated mock-infected cells. Extraction with each solvent was for hours or until the solvent retu rn ws colorless.
Th e antiviral screening was determined by evaluating cell Seventeen different plant s that grow in Hawaii and were death caused by plant extrac t cyto toxicity and viral cyto- report ed to have medicinal benefits were evaluated for anti- pathic effect as previously described Pauwels et al.
Stock solutions 10 to tox icity and anti-viral activity. Fifteen extract s mad e X final test concent ration of plant extracts were added in from seven different plant s showed detectable anti viral ac- 25 III volumes to two series of tr iplicate wells to determin e tivity, ten of which were qu ite active in that they had selec- their effect on HIV-infected and uninfected cells at the initi- tivity indices of ten or greater Table 2.
The most effective ation of each experiment. Seria l five-fold dilutions of plant plant extracts were water extra cts made from the bark of E. Five different water extracts made from the culture medium was added to either the infected or mock - leaves of P.
The mock-infected Th ese were found to have ECso concentrations that rang ed cells were used to evaluate the effect of plant extracts on from 3. Four of the five extracts afforded which the plant extrac ts were cytotox ic. The growth g and the supernata nt was discarded. The MT-4 cells were inhibition by th is plant was not restricted to the use of wa- then resuspended at 6 x cellslml and under slight mag- ter or to leaf extracts since both water and methanol ex- netic stirring, 50 III volumes were dispensed into each well tracts made from the bark and leaves also showed signifi- of the microtit er plat e.
Noni healing bro ken bones, deep cuts, bru ises, sores Kaaiakamanu and Akina, ; H and y et al. Popolo respiratory tract disord ers, skin eru ptions, curs, wounds, spra ins Hand y et al. Locher Table 2. Adansonia digitata L. FL HzO ST Hz FL MeOH LF HzO FT HzO LF HzO 1. Hawaiian medicinal plants studied continued. LF H2O LF H2O 8. In traditional Hawaiian medicine, the leaves of plants, indicating that the active ingredients are latex sap of A.
It is known that sulfated polysac- fections, scrofulous sores, and skin ulcers Kaaiakamanu charides such as heparin can inhibit HIV adsorption to cells and Akina, ; C. In other studies it was shown wounds, while E. Moreover, Whistler, ; personal communication ; and P. It is possible that the from the A. Gustavson et al. This plant belongs to the same Alternatively, polyphenolic compounds such as tannins are family Euphorbiaceae as A.
In a separate study, on the cell surface. Experiments are underway to determine A. In contrast, ex- six different alkaloid reagents, while A. Al- Scheuer et al. At least 32 different alkaloids have shown antivi- these extracts are selective for enveloped viruses since SFV ral activity in vitro reviewed in Che, ; Vlietinck and also an enveloped virus was not inhibited by these same Vanden Berghe, This study supports the concept that traditional medicine It is noteworthy that much of the antiviral activity ob- may be important in the potential discovery of natural served in this study was with water extracts made from the product pharmaceuticals.
Locher the idea that societies which existed without cont act with bol from the Samoan medicinal plant Homolanthus nutans in- Western Medicine used locally grown plants as sources of hibits cell killing by HIV New strategies which in- Gutman, ]. Island Heritage Books, Honolulu, to identify plant sources of medicinal compounds Stix, Hawaii, In this respect, ethnobotany in Hawaii and Polyne- Handy, E. Bernice P. Bishop Mu seum Bulle- maceutical alternat ives to existing drugs.
Honolulu, Hawaii, Kaaiakamanu , D. Territorial Board of Health , Honolulu, Hawaii, Margaret Kalehuamakano'eluulu'u' onapali Machado, Rev.
Da- Locher, C. E, Berestecky, J. Kenneth Naga ta for assistance A. Funding was also provided by the Belgian Bishop Mu seum supported by the Found at ion Damien, Brussels. Special Publication Perry, L. Abbott, I. Journal of wijn, P. HIV compound s. Bishop Museum Press. Scheuer, P. Pacific Sc. De Clercq, E. American and heparin on replication of human immun odeficiency virus in , John , H.
Pacific Sci. Baldwin, R. Petroglyph Press, Ltd. Swanholm, C. Bushnell, O. Hawaii Med. Vlietinck, A. In: H. Ethno- Wagner, H. H ikino and N.