Having a rash on your foot can be alarming and uncomfortable, especially when you aren't sure what it is or what caused it. Causes of a foot rash can range from an infection to irritation to an allergic reaction. And different kinds of rashes often have similar characteristics. When you notice a rash, it's important that you get to the bottom of what type it is so you can treat it effectively. If the rash is new, it's best to consult with a healthcare provider for a proper diagnosis.
Treatment options may include:. They can appear after high-impact exercises or because of wearing poor-fitting shoes; alternatively, they can be a sign of an underlying condition. Cellulitis is most commonly caused by group A streptococcal bacteria entering the skin through any injury—even just a small, seemingly-harmless break in the skin. Heel spurs are often seen on X-rays of patients who do not have heel pain or plantar fasciitis. Calluses and corns may often form when someone has claw toes. Common foot problems. The base of the corn is seen on the surface of the skin while the top points inward, causing discomfort.
Trajectory dysfunction golf. Foot Problems: Athlete's Foot
Did You Know? Charcot Foot The Diabetic Foot. What are Dermal Papillae? What is the best treatment for my condition? I have a weird blister on my bicep which has a small loop at the top which links to a larger blister which is more swollen and links to a smaller blister. Applying ice, keeping hydrated, and staying bed may help, too. Arterial or ischemic ulcers occur in people with poor circulation, and are often a result of peripheral artery Different kinds of foot sores, a condition of the blood vessels that leads to arteriosclerosis, or narrowing and hardening of the arteries. The foot is an evolutionary marvel, capable of handling hundreds of tons of force — your weight in motion — every day. My son had a water type blister on his outer calf and later that day it like, seeped back into his skin. When you cut your toenails, use larger toenail clippers and avoid cutting nails to short, as this can also cause ingrown toenails or infection. Special Reports. After several days, depending upon the size of the blister, it will pop or erupt and the fluid will drain from the blistered skin, to Different kinds of foot sores a new growth of skin.
From injuries to inflammation , several different types of damage and malfunctions can lead to foot problems.
- This medical symptom information shows the various types of Sores , and other related symptoms or conditions, including their causes and diagnosis.
- Authored by Dr.
- Ulcers are typically defined by the appearance of the ulcer, the ulcer location, and the way the borders and surrounding skin of the ulcer look.
Having a rash on your foot can be alarming and uncomfortable, especially when you aren't sure what it is or what caused it. Causes of a foot rash can range from an infection to irritation to an allergic reaction. And different kinds of rashes often have similar characteristics. When you notice a rash, it's important that you get to the bottom of what type it is so you can treat it effectively.
If the rash is new, it's best to consult with a healthcare provider for a proper diagnosis. You may be able to safely treat yourself using your doctor-recommended method if a harmless rash comes back. However, if you're unsure of what you have or if your rash worsens or persists, see your doctor. Athlete's foot, also called tinea pedis , is an infection that is caused by a fungus that eats old skin cells. Athlete's foot is an itchy and red rash that usually affects the soles of the feet and between the toes.
Chronic athlete's foot causes a scaly rash that can be mistaken for dry skin , whereas acute athlete's foot can cause a painful, red, and blistering rash. As the name implies, athlete's foot is common among athletes because the fungus is often found in warm, damp areas around pools and in public showers; it is often passed from foot-to-foot in locker rooms.
If you suspect you have athlete's foot, treat it sooner rather than later. The longer you wait, the worse and more itchy the rash will become. Mild forms of athlete's foot can usually be treated with anti-fungal powder or cream. However, if the infection doesn't clear up, your doctor may prescribe a stronger, oral anti-fungal medication. Poison ivy , poison oak, and poison sumac rashes are blistering skin rashes causes by coming into contact with the oily sap found on these common plants.
The main symptom of poison ivy, poison oak , and poison sumac rashes is an itchy and blistering rash that begins to develop 12 to 72 hours after coming into contact with the oil.
Swelling or trouble breathing are signs of a serious reaction that requires immediate medical care. Poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac have an oil in their leaves, stems, roots and fruit called urushiol.
If you are sensitive to it, which most people are, you can get a rash on the skin that comes into contact with any part of these plants. If you have a non-severe poison ivy, poison oak, or poison sumac rash, it will usually go away on its own in one to three weeks without treatment. In this case, the best course of treatment is to relieve the itching so you aren't tempted to scratch the rash, which can lead to infection. A few ways to treat a rash from a poison plant include:.
If you have a severe reaction, your doctor will prescribe a steroid ointment or oral prednisone. In the case of an infection, you will be prescribed an antibiotic. Hand, foot, and mouth disease HFMD is a common viral infection that usually affects children below the age of 5.
While less common, it is also possible for older children and adults to contract HFMD. The first symptoms of HFMD are usually a fever, reduced appetite, sore throat, and a general feeling of being unwell. In one to two days, a rash on the soles of the feet and palms of the hands may develop, as well as painful sores inside the mouth.
However, not everyone experiences all symptoms of HFMD, and some people may not exhibit any symptoms at all. Hand, foot, and mouth disease is most commonly caused by coming in contact with an enterovirus called coxsackievirus A The viruses that caused HFMD can be found in the feces, saliva, phlegm, and nasal mucus of an infected person, as well as in the blister fluid from a HFMD rash.
You can contract HFMD by coming into contact with any of these substances, as well as through close contact, breathing in infected air, and contact with contaminated objects.
In some cases, mouth sores can make it painful to swallow. If dehydration occurs, intravenous fluids may be necessary. Cellulitis is a serious bacterial skin infection that can form on your foot or any part of your body when bacteria enter through a break in the skin. The main symptom of cellulitis is a painful rash with red and tender skin that may blister and then scab.
You may also experience a fever, chills, swollen glands, or swollen lymph nodes from the infection. Sometimes bacterial infections like cellulitis are mistaken for athlete's foot because they have a similar red and painful rash. Cellulitis is most commonly caused by group A streptococcal bacteria entering the skin through any injury—even just a small, seemingly-harmless break in the skin. On your feet, bacteria can also enter through ingrown toenails.
Cellulitis can spread quickly and requires immediate care. A healthcare provider will usually swab your skin or do a blood test to find out what kind of bacteria is causing the infection. This can help them determine what kind treatment is most appropriate. You will be treated with oral antibiotics in more mild cases, or intravenous IV antibiotics in severe cases.
Your doctor will ask you to monitor the size of the rash to ensure it is clearing up and not still spreading after treatment. Dyshidrotic eczema is a common form of eczema that affects the soles of the feet, toes, palms, and fingers. It is more common in women than in men and frequently occurs during the spring allergy season. Other names for dyshidrotic eczema include dyshidrosis, foot-and-hand eczema, cheiropompholyx, pompholyx, vesicular eczema, and palmoplantar eczema.
While all forms of eczema cause itching and redness, dyschidrotic eczema has some unique features, including:. People with hay fever, contact dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, or a close family member with dyschidrotic eczema are most at risk for developing the condition.
It can be triggered by a number of things including pollen, stress, and moisture on the feet or hands from excessive sweating or prolonged contact with water. Consuming or touching nickel, cobalt, or chromium salts can also trigger dyschidrotic eczema. Treatment for dyshidrotic eczema can include soaking the feet or hands in cool water several times a day before applying a rich moisturizer or skin barrier repair cream.
You can also use a cold compress to cool the affected area instead. In more severe cases, a healthcare provider may want to drain the blisters or give a Botox injection in the hands or feet to reduce wetness from sweating.
You may be prescribed topical steroids, topical calcineurin inhibitors TCIs , or phototherapy to clear the rash. Shoe contact dermatitis is generally an itchy and peeling rash on the balls of the feet, bottom of the toes, or heels. The rash bumps may also blister. There are a number of possible allergens that can be present in the rubber, adhesives, leather, dyes, or metals used to make your shoes.
Chromate salts used as tanning agents on leather products and various kinds of rubber compounds are common allergens that can cause shoe contact dermatitis. If you have an allergic reaction to your shoes, the first step of treatment will be to minimize contact the the allergen.
This can be frustrating, especially if you've just purchased the shoes you have an allergic reaction to, but it's important for the health of the skin on your feet and will avoid further irritation.
The reaction will typically clear up on its own. Scabies is a skin condition caused by mites s arcoptes scabiei. It is very contagious and can quickly spread from person to person in areas of close physical contact, such as a school or hospital. Symptoms of scabies include intense itching and a pimple-like skin rash that can affect various parts of the body, including the feet. Symptoms can take four to eight weeks to develop. During this time you can still transmit scabies to others.
Scabies is caused by coming into skin-to-skin contact with someone who has scabies. It can also be spread by touching or sharing clothing, towels, or bedding of someone with the condition. It can also sometimes be sexually acquired. Treatment is recommended not only for the person who has scabies, but also for anyone living in their household, sexual partners, and anyone else they regularly have skin-to-skin contact with.
The steps for treatment include:. Everyone being treated should undergo treatment at the same time to prevent re-infestation. If itching still occurs more than four weeks after treatment, it may be necessary to repeat the treatment steps. Sign up for our Health Tip of the Day newsletter, and receive daily tips that will help you live your healthiest life. What is dyshidrotic eczema and how do you know if you have it? National Eczema Association. Published American Academy of Dermatology.
Athlete's foot: How to prevent. Poison ivy, oak, and sumac. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Shoe allergic contact dermatitis. National Institutes of Health. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. S Department of Health and Human Services. Hand Foot and Mouth Disease. More in Foot Health. Athlete's Foot. Other factors that increase your risk for athlete's foot include:. Sweating a lot Keeping your feet wet for long periods or not changing out of sweaty socks Wearing plastic-lined, closed-toed shoes Minor skin or nail injuries.
An Overview of Athlete's Foot. Apply an over-the-counter hydrocortisone cream Apply a cold compress to the rash Use a skin protectant e. How to Prevent and Treat Poison Ivy.
Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease. Dyshidrotic Eczema. Painful and itchy deep-set blisters on the soles of the feet, toes, palms, and fingers Redness Flaking Scaly, cracked skin.
Share your misdiagnosis story. I am worried that this could be some kind of skin disease, but I don't know what it might be -- I've looked at a lot of skin rash pictures, but mine don't seem to fit the bill on any of them. You might also Like. This type of blister is caused by a virus and may be contagious. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.
Different kinds of foot sores. Sores: Broader Symptoms
Weakened pulse may indicate poor circulation, which may require further testing with Doppler ultrasound studies. If the findings suggest an underlying condition, your doctor may refer you to a specialist for further evaluation.
Tests that may be conducted may include any or all of the following:. Neurotrophic or diabetic ulcers: The main goal of treatment is to obtain wound closure. How treatment will be managed will depend on the severity and vascularity of the ulcer and whether there is any infection.
Your doctor will advise you to rest and elevate the affected foot to relieve pressure. Venous statis ulcers: Compression is applied to the leg to minimize edema or swelling. This can be achieved by wearing compression stockings, multi-layer compression wraps, or wrapping an ACE bandage or dressing from the foot to just below the knee.
After ulcer closure, compression stockings may help control the venous insufficiency. Arterial or ischemic ulcers: Treatment depends on how severe the arterial disease is. Your doctor may recommend further testing to assess the potential for wound healing. Endovascular therapy or bypass surgery to restore circulation to the affected leg may be required.
Treatment often includes debridement trimming away or removal of all necrotic, callused, and fibrous tissue, which is a mainstay of ulcer therapy. After debridement, a saline wet-to-dry dressing is applied. If necessary, specialized footwear or bandages to relieve pressure on the ulcerated area may be prescribed. Infected ulcers are treated with antibiotics. Management of the underlying cause of the ulcer is essential. Foot ulcers can take weeks or months to heal, and multiple visits to the doctor are often required.
In trials of off-loading techniques [use of customized orthotics], 21—50 percent of patients healed within 30 days, and 58—90 percent within 12 weeks. For foot ulcers that do not respond to conservative therapy, a more detailed investigation is warranted to determine the cause.
People with diabetes and others who know they are at risk for foot ulcers should examine their feet daily and practice good foot hygiene. Those with foot ulcers should keep the wound clean and dry, change the dressing as directed, take prescribed medications, maintain a healthy diet, and wear appropriate shoes. By controlling risk factors, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol levels, you may be able to prevent foot ulcers from developing or worsening.
Quitting smoking, exercising, and losing weight if you are overweight can also greatly reduce your risk of foot ulcers. Does this rare condition affect your child? Learn what you can do to help. Foot pain can sometimes be a sign of an underlying condition that requires medical attention.
Find out when to see your doctor, and much more. Many people use orthotics to improve the function and stability of their feet. Learn about the various types of orthotics used to help restore mobility.
There are five metatarsals in all. The metatarsals are the long bones located in our feet, between the tarsal ankle bones and the phalanges toes. Bunion Surgery. Charcot Foot The Diabetic Foot. Achilles Tendon Achilles Tendonitis. An open sore on the foot that recurs or fails to heal normally is a foot ulcer. Armstrong, DPM, and L. Gout , for instance, will attack the foot joints first.
You can avoid athlete's foot also called tinea pedis by keeping your feet and toes clean and dry and by changing your shoes and socks regularly. If these remedies do not work, however, you may need to see a podiatrist and ask about prescription-strength medication.
Hammertoes are often caused by ill-fitting shoes. Early on, wearing inserts or foot pads can help reposition your toe, but later it becomes fixed in the bent position. Pain then sets in and you may need surgery. Because hammertoes are bent, corns and calluses often form on them. Soft pockets of raised skin filled with clear fluid, blisters are often painful and can make walking difficult.
Drain the blister, slather with antibiotic ointment, and cover with a bandage. Follow these same care steps if a blister breaks on its own. A bunion is a crooked big-toe joint that sticks out at the base of the toe, forcing the big toe to turn in. Bunions have various causes, including congenital deformities, arthritis, trauma, and heredity. A bunion can be painful when confined in a shoe, and for many people, shoes that are too narrow in the toe may be to blame for the formation of bunions.
Surgery is often recommended to treat bunions, after conservative treatment methods like over-the-counter pain relievers and footwear changes fail. Corns and calluses form after repeated rubbing against a bony area of the foot or against a shoe.
Corns appear on the tops and sides of your toes as well as between your toes. Calluses form on the bottom of the foot, especially under the heels or balls, and on the sides of toes. These compressed patches of dead skin cells can be hard and painful. To relieve the pain, you may want to try placing moleskin or padding around corns and calluses. It's common for doctors to confuse heel spurs and plantar fasciitis when a patient comes to them with heel pain. Heel spurs are found in 70 percent of patients with plantar fasciitis, but these are two different conditions.
Plantar fasciitis is a painful disorder in which the tissue that connects the ball of the foot to the heel — the fascia — becomes inflamed. Heel spurs are pieces of bone that grow at the heel bone base and often develop after you've had plantar fasciitis. The heel spurs themselves are not painful; it's the inflammation and irritation caused by plantar fasciitis that can hurt.
Heel spurs are often seen on X-rays of patients who do not have heel pain or plantar fasciitis. Claw toe causes all toes except the big toe to curl downward at the middle of the joints and curl up at the joints where the toes and the foot meet.
Foot Pain and Problems | Johns Hopkins Medicine
Trauma, infection, skin disease, and even simply bearing weight on the feet can cause changes on the skin of the feet, including the toes and heel. Corns and calluses are an area of thickened skin caused by friction and pressure.
Juvenile plantar dermatosis occurs in children on the sole of the front part of the foot and on the toes. Foot infections include warts; the common disease athlete's foot tinea pedis , which is caused by a foot fungus that thrives in warm, humid conditions; and a bacterial infection called pitted keratolysis, which is also associated with warm, damp feet.
Hand-foot-and-mouth disease is a viral infection causing blisters of not only the feet but also the palms and mouth. Information on toenail fungus can be found on our Nails information page. Skin diseases that affect the foot include dyshidrotic eczema, which is associated with tiny, itchy blisters of the palms, fingers, instep of the foot, or the toes.
These blisters then turn into peeling, cracking, or crusting areas. Gout is a form of arthritis, which is the inflammation of a joint. Gout most commonly affects the big toe joint, and it typically starts as an acute attack with severe pain and swelling in the joint. Click any of the images below to see self-care information and pictures of foot fungus, foot infections, and other foot injuries. Tinea pedis, also known as ringworm of the foot or athlete's foot, is a surface superficial fungal infection of the skin of the foot.
The most common fungal disease in humans, athlete's foot, may be passed to humans by direct contact with infected peopl. Warts are growths of the skin and mucous membranes the mouth or genitals that are caused by over types of the human papillomavirus HPV. The virus causes thickening of the top skin layer.
A plantar wart occurs on the sole of the foot. It can look a. A callus tyloma is a thickening of the skin that occurs in response to excessive, repeated shear or friction forces, commonly due to constant rubbing of the skin.
Gout, also called gouty arthritis, is a disease of how the body processes nutrients metabolism in which crystals of uric acid are deposited in the joints, tendons, and skin. Most commonly affecting men, gout emerges as the sudden development of swollen,. Pitted keratolysis is a skin condition affecting the soles of the feet and, less commonly, the palms of the hands.
It is caused by a bacterial infection of the skin and may give off an unpleasant odor. Dyshidrotic eczema dyshidrotic dermatitis is generally defined as a rash limited to the hands usually the palms and sides of the fingers and sometimes the feet. Dyshidrotic eczema manifests as small, itchy, fluid-filled blisters. People with psoriasis have thickened, red, and often scaly patches on their skin. Corns are thickenings of the skin composed of keratin that are typically found on the toes caused by repeated friction or pressure to the area.
The base of the corn is seen on the surface of the skin while the top points inward, causing discomfort. Neurogenic ulcers, also known as diabetic ulcers, are ulcers that occur most commonly on the bottom of the foot.
The material on this site is for informational purposes only, and is not a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment provided by a qualified health care provider. Common Foot Problems 5. Athlete's Foot Tinea Pedis Tinea pedis, also known as ringworm of the foot or athlete's foot, is a surface superficial fungal infection of the skin of the foot. Plantar Wart Warts are growths of the skin and mucous membranes the mouth or genitals that are caused by over types of the human papillomavirus HPV.
Callus A callus tyloma is a thickening of the skin that occurs in response to excessive, repeated shear or friction forces, commonly due to constant rubbing of the skin. Gout Gout, also called gouty arthritis, is a disease of how the body processes nutrients metabolism in which crystals of uric acid are deposited in the joints, tendons, and skin. Pitted Keratolysis Pitted keratolysis is a skin condition affecting the soles of the feet and, less commonly, the palms of the hands.
Dyshidrotic Eczema Dyshidrotic Dermatitis Dyshidrotic eczema dyshidrotic dermatitis is generally defined as a rash limited to the hands usually the palms and sides of the fingers and sometimes the feet.
Corn Corns are thickenings of the skin composed of keratin that are typically found on the toes caused by repeated friction or pressure to the area. Diabetic Ulcer Neurogenic Ulcer Neurogenic ulcers, also known as diabetic ulcers, are ulcers that occur most commonly on the bottom of the foot.