Finding bumps on the head of your penis can be alarming, but most of the time bumps in this area are not serious. Tyson glands are tiny sebaceous glands that form on either side of the frenulum, which is the fold of connective tissue under the penis. They appear as small yellow or white bumps under the penis head. Fordyce spots are small yellowish or white bumps on the penis head, shaft, or foreskin. They are enlarged sebaceous glands and considered harmless.
These glands can appear as small white or yellow bumps under the head of the penis. It can result from infection with Gland on penis herpes simplex virus types 1 or 2. Many people develop only one chancre, but some develop several. Embarrassing problems Breaking down the barriers to Lezbo preggers. Symptoms include:. Learn more about Peyronie's disease and its treatments here. Journal of Mammalogy. Use mild cleansers with warm water when showering or bathing. A small lump near the hair bearing skin of the proximal penis may represent a healed furuncle. They can occur as a single row, or in multiple orderly rings encircling the corona.
Folliculitus symptoms genitals. Embarrassing problems
Prominent Sebaceous Glands of Penis are non-infectious and are not sexually transmitted There are no clear risk factors identified for the condition and the cause remains unknown. Annals Gland on penis National Medical Pn India. They are very common and not of medical concern. These are commonly seen in the mouth. Figure Gland on penis. Glans Penis. Molluscum pennis is a viral skin condition that causes firm, round painless bumps on the skin. Add Another Author. Frenulum of Circumcised Penis. Ono, T. OUP Oxford. This may result from an underlying condition or injury to the area. Desarrollo etario del prepucio. Some bumps on the head of the penis can be diagnosed just based on their appearance.
The glans penis , more commonly referred to as the glans , is a structure at the distal end of the penis in male mammals.
- Cysts are small, capsule-shaped bumps filled with fluid.
- Finding bumps on the head of your penis can be alarming, but most of the time bumps in this area are not serious.
- It is important to note that having a risk factor does not mean that one will get the condition.
Articles in the December issue discuss various health issues affecting school-aged children, including acne, eczema and growth disorders. Volume 42, No. Even after a thorough examination it can be difficult to distinguish a normal penile anatomical variant from pathology needing treatment.
This article aims to assist diagnosis by outlining a series of common penile anatomical variants and comparing them to common pathological conditions. The problems considered include pearly penile papules, penile sebaceous glands Fordyce spots , Tyson glands, angiokeratomas of the scrotum, lymphocoele, penile warts, molluscum contagiosum, folliculitis and scabies.
The common practice of treating any penile lump as a wart is no longer useful in the era of human papillomavirus HPV vaccination. Since the introduction of the National Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Program for young women in , the incidence of genital warts has fallen dramatically in young Australian heterosexuals. This article aims to assist diagnosis by outlining some common anatomical variants and comparing them to a few pathological conditions.
There are other conditions that may cause genital pathology that are not covered, and treatment is not discussed in detail. Most anatomical variants share characteristic features that help with recognition, such as symmetry, a smooth surface and well circumscribed border. Normal variants should not produce any symptoms of pain or be associated with inguinal lymphadenopathy. Table 1 outlines some typical features that are suggestive of genital warts. Despite these features, it can sometimes still be difficult to be sure, especially if the appearance is atypical.
Having access to a bank of images, such as those on the Melbourne Sexual Health Centre website www. These images can also be used to reassure patients and educate them on the differences between normal anatomy and conditions that would require treatment. Pearly penile papules PPPs are tiny lumps seen in neat rows around the corona of the glans penis Figure 1. They can occur as a single row, or in multiple orderly rings encircling the corona. PPPs are numerous, uniform, symmetrical and dome shaped, and vary from 1 to 3 mm in length.
Histologically, PPPs resemble angiokeratomas. Fordyce spots are visible sebaceous glands and occur along the shaft of the penis Figure 2. Fordyce spots are more easily visible when the skin is stretched, and many patients may describe them as a lump that appears during an erection.
Spots may also appear on the scrotum. Some patients may be able to express a thick, chalky discharge by squeezing the lump. Fordyce spots may also appear in other areas such as at the vermillion border of the lips when, if seen, can help reassure the patient that they are a normal anatomical variant that does not require any treatment.
Tyson glands are ectopic sebaceous glands that appear in pairs as openings on either side of the frenulum Figure 3. As they are normal structures, treatment is not required. Angiokeratomas can occur alone or in multiples and appear as deep-red or purple papules, usually over the scrotum. They can also appear on the penis Figure 4. Angiokeratomas advance with age and represent a collection of enlarged capillaries. Lymphocoeles present as a palpable cord-like structure that can occur vertically or horizontally at the shaft of the penis Figure 5.
They are associated with friction and increased sexual activity. Lymphocoeles are probably due to sclerosing lymphangitis, an inflammatory process caused by a thrombosed vessel. The thrombosed vessel will usually spontaneously recanalise and therefore the condition itself requires no treatment.
Also known as acrochordons, skin tags are common in the skin creases of the groin in middle aged men. They typically have the size and shape of a grain of rice. They are often also present in the axillae and on the lateral skin of the neck. Skin tags have a fibrovascular centre and normal overlying epidermis. Penile warts Condylomata acuminata are irregular, rough lesions that can occur anywhere along the penile shaft, glans and prepuce; they can also arise from the meatus. Warts vary in size from a millimetre to a few centimetres.
Warts on the shaft of the penis or pubic area tend to be more indurated and dome shaped, whereas those under the prepuce or emerging from the urethra are softer and fronded Figure 6.
A smooth-looking wart may be difficult to distinguish from an acrochordon skin tag or other normal structure, but using a bright light and magnification will reveal fine dots or a cobblestone pattern. Warts are most commonly due to strains 6 and 11 of HPV. All of these therapeutic options typically require multiple treatments over a number of weeks.
As the natural history of HPV in immunocompetent hosts is spontaneous recovery over 12—24 months, patients may also opt to have no treatment. Molluscum contagiosum appear as small papules with a central depression or umbilication. They are caused by a member of the poxvirus family, molluscum contagiosum virus MCV.
Molluscum contagiosum are commonly acquired by children from non-sexual skin contact, often during bathing or swimming with other infected children. In adults however, sexually transmitted molluscum may be seen on or near the genitals Figure 7. The virus has a self limiting course over a period of months, but treatment with cryotherapy is often recommended to prevent the spread of MCV to others.
Folliculitis is an inflammation of the hair follicles, frequently seen at the base of the penis Figure 8. Folliculitis presents as a pustule around the hair follicle, which is frequently itchy and sometimes painful.
Patients are often concerned that genital herpes simplex virus HSV is the cause, but the association with a hair follicle and the quality of the pain helps distinguish folliculitis from HSV. If a lesion is aspirated, thick purulent material which may be blood stained , is often seen, whereas, vesicles due to HSV express a clear or straw coloured fluid. Herpes simplex virus may also be associated with a prodrome of malaise, fatigue and paraesthesia of the affected area.
Molluscum contagiosum lesions is another casue occasionally confused with folliculitis, but there is sometimes a red halo. Folliculitis is often successfully managed with topical treatments and genital hygiene measures, but may need appropriate antimicrobial therapy if there is a surrounding cellulitis or a large number of lesions.
An early syphilis chancre may present as a non-ulcerated, button shaped lump on the penile skin. Chancres are often indurated and there is usually some sign of epidermal breakdown or inguinal lymphadenopathy. Syphilis serology may be negative for the first few days of a chancre and should be repeated 2—4 weeks later if syphilis is suspected. In very early syphilis, treponemal polymerase chain reaction PCR , using a dry cotton swab vigorously rubbed on the lesion at the time of the initial consultation, may be more likely to yield a positive result.
While only some specialist laboratories perform this, most can forward the specimen on for appropriate testing. Genital scabies presents as intensely itchy, pink nodules Figure 9. Patients usually have some sign of scabies elsewhere, such as the wrists, fingers and lower abdominal skin, which may include typical linear burrows.
Lumps beneath the skin are uncommon on the penis and are more likely to represent pathology. An important diagnosis to consider is Peyronie disease, which can present as a plaque attached to the tunica albuginea, usually in the proximal half of the penis. The skin moves freely over this, and patients may have noticed curvature of the erect penis.
In some cultures there is a practice of inserting steel, plastic or glass beads under the penile skin. A small lump near the hair bearing skin of the proximal penis may represent a healed furuncle. While lumps on the penis are frequently a source of great anxiety for the patient, if it is unclear whether the lesion is a normal variant or not, there is usually no harm in asking the patient to return for review. In some cases, it is necessary to refer to a more experienced colleague, a sexual health service or dermatologist to assist with diagnosis.
A second opinion is often more efficient and preferable to the patient than a biopsy or a trial of treatment. Provenance and peer review: Commissioned; externally peer reviewed. The authors gratefully acknowledge Ian Denham for his review of the manuscript and for contributing images.
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Even though bumps on the head of your penis are often caused by harmless conditions, they should still be evaluated by a doctor to rule out an underlying condition that needs treatment. Munger April American Urological Association 98th Annual Meeting. Arezzo; Arnold Melman April 26 — May 1, How are cysts and cyst-like bumps diagnosed?
Gland on penis. related stories
Protecting the skin is the main function of Sebaceous Glands. Sebaceous Glands secrete an oily substance known as Sebum that lubricates the hair and skin of mammals. Large quantities of sebum protect skin and hair from water. It reduces the growth of microorganisms anywhere on the skin. It is only because of the sebum that people can experience a wet skin even when they have not taken bath for days. Picture 3 — Sebum Picture Source — patient. It is the oily secretion of the Sebaceous Glands which keeps the hair and skin moisturized and prevents them from cracking, turning dry and getting brittle.
The sebum comprises of lipids, wax and clusters of dead fat-producing cells. The percentage breakup of the composition of sebum shows it to be comprised of.
Sebum is created in the Sebaceous glands. Following production, this oily substance is secreted through a small duct. From the gland it moves up the hair shaft and ultimately arises to the skin surface through the hair follicle. While coming up, it helps to push out any dust particle, germs or skin debris that may have somehow entered into the hair follicle. It is because of Sebaceous Glands hair follicles remain free from foreign objects. The sebaceous glands can also come over the skin surface because of the follicles.
Hair follicles and Sebaceous Sweat Glands are thus dependent on each other. Sebum is generally odorless. But they can emit some odor while breaking down on the skin. Sebaceous Glands sometimes become hyperactive. In such cases, the gland produces sebum in excess of the necessity of the body. This happens due to a number of reasons. Overactive Sebaceous Glands are mainly visible in young persons, especially in people who are aged between 12 and 20 years.
Over activity of Sebaceous Glands can give rise to skin conditions like :. When the sebaceous glands suffer an inflammation, pustules or pimples appear over the skin.
Sebaceous Glands acnes are mostly visible on the face. This disease of the sebaceous glands leads to over-secretion of sebum. It may also bring about a change in the sebum quality. This gives rise to scales or crusts on the skin. An oily coating may also be observed over the skin. Hyper-secretion of the sebaceous gland leads to retention of sebum just under the skin surface causing small, yellow or white lumps known as whiteheads.
These skin conditions can be seen anywhere on the body such as face, neck, shoulders, chest and back. The hyperactivity of sebaceous glands gradually decreases after a person grows older than 20 years. In case of impairment in Sebaceous Gland cysts may also appear on the skin. This normally happens when the fibrous protein compound keratin accumulates on a particular region of the skin. This blocks the Sebaceous Gland and causes the formation of a lump.
Sebaceous cysts normally disappear by themselves over time. But in case of a painful and very swollen Sebaceous Gland, it is best to go for Sebaceous cyst removal. This is a non-threatening disorder of the sebaceous glands commonly seen in middle aged and old adult persons. It is characterized by the appearance of lesions on the skin of face. The lesions are normally white or yellow colored and can be seen individually or in groups on the forehead, cheeks and nose.
These are usually treated with regular application of Tretinoin creams or gels. In extreme cases, the lesions are destroyed with laser therapy or Electrocautery. Ectopic Sebaceous Glands are small lumps arising on the skin. These are seen as little swellings on the skin surface and are normally yellow in color. These are commonly seen in the mouth. Ectopic Sebaceous Glands can also arise on private organs like the penis and even in the esophagus the passage lying between the stomach and the pharynx.
Sebaceous Gland Carcinoma is a rare kind of skin cancer that causes serious complications. Even though sebaceous glands are present almost everywhere on the body, the cancer usually affects the eyelids.
Still, you should see your doctor for diagnosis. Cyst-like bumps may be a symptom of a sexually transmitted disease STD. Keep reading for tips on identification, what causes cysts to form, what to expect from removal, and more. Cysts are bumps that feel firm or hard to the touch. They also have the following characteristics:. If an infection occurs, the area will be extremely sore. You may also develop a high fever and feel fatigued.
Cyst-like bumps are a common symptom of genital herpes and HPV. Most cysts can develop anywhere on your body. Your symptoms may be the result of one of the following:. Sebaceous cyst. This type of cyst develops when your oil-producing sebaceous glands are blocked or damaged. This may result from an underlying condition or injury to the area. Epidermoid cyst. Keratin growth in a sebaceous gland can result in an epidermoid cyst. These should be removed if they get too big. Penile epidermal inclusion cyst.
This is a rare complication of circumcision. Hard tissue can build inside these cysts and make them grow, potentially causing pain or discomfort. These should be removed. Median raphe cyst. This type of cyst is congenital. This means that the cyst developed while you were still in the womb. They occur if penis tissue becomes trapped near the median raphe nerve of the penis, though this is uncommon.
They may also take a sample of tissue from the cyst biopsy and send it to a laboratory for analysis. This can cause the cyst tissue to get infected. If an infection develops, you may develop a high fever and feel fatigued. See your doctor if you suspect infection. Some people choose to have them removed for aesthetic reasons. To remove a cyst, your doctor will perform these steps:. Depending on the size of the cyst, removal can take anywhere from 30 minutes to a full hour.
You can usually go home a few hours after surgery. Your doctor will wrap your penis in a bandage dressing after the procedure. You should change the dressing every 12 hours or so, or however often your doctor recommends.
Lump on penis: 16 causes and treatments
However, a lump on the penis can result from a sexually transmitted infection STI. And in rare cases, penis lumps can be cancerous. In this article, we list 16 potential causes of a lump on the penis and suggest when to see a doctor.
These small, yellow or white spots are tiny glands that appear on the head or shaft of the penis. People can also get Fordyce spots on their lips or cheeks. They do not require treatment, and most cases resolve in time.
Learn more about Fordyce spots here. Pearly penile papules are dome-shaped, skin-colored lumps that appear around the head of the penis.
They typically form in rows. The doctor may refer to them as hirsutoid papillomas. These tiny lumps are normal, they do not cause symptoms, and they do not require treatment. Pearly penile papules may reduce or disappear as a person ages. Learn more about pearly penile papules here. People can get pimples on any area of the body, including the penis. They may appear as small red lumps, whiteheads, or blackheads. An ingrown hair can also cause a pimple to form on the shaft of the penis.
These bumps usually go away after a few days or weeks. Avoid popping the pimples, as this can lead to infection. Learn more about pimples on the penis here. When a lymph channel in the penis becomes blocked, a hard swelling can form at the penile shaft.
This swelling is a lymphocele, and it typically occurs after sex or masturbation. The Tyson glands produce oil, and they sit in pairs on either side of the frenulum. The frenulum is the elastic band of tissue under the penis that connects it to the foreskin. These glands can appear as small white or yellow bumps under the head of the penis. The Tyson glands are normal structures and are not a cause for concern.
Therefore, treatment is not necessary. Penile angiokeratomas are uncommon but harmless lesions on the penis. They form when blood vessels near the skin become wider. Angiokeratomas appear as tiny, bright red bumps in clusters. They can form at any time, but they become more common as people age. These bumps generally do not cause symptoms, and treatment is usually not necessary. Some people wish to remove them for cosmetic reasons, and a doctor can provide more information.
A mole is a skin growth that is usually black or brown. Moles can form on the penis or any other part of the body. Expert, evidence-based advice delivered straight to your inbox to help you take control of your health.
Over time, moles slowly change or disappear. Those that get larger, become irregularly shaped, or feel rough may become cancerous, so it is important for a doctor to check these out. Painful or bleeding moles also require investigation. The majority of moles are harmless, however, and do not require treatment. Anyone who wishes to have a mole removed — for cosmetic or health related reasons — should see a dermatologist.
Learn more about moles and when to see a doctor here. Cysts are fluid-filled bumps that feel firm. They are the same color as the skin and may cause some sensitivity, although they are typically not painful to the touch.
Cysts may temporarily get bigger, but they should then shrink and go away within a few weeks. Popping cysts can cause infection, so avoid doing this. Some cysts remain large and disrupt a person's daily routine.
If this is the case, a doctor may decide to remove the cyst, either surgically or by draining it. Learn more about cysts and their treatment here. Peyronie's disease is a connective tissue disorder of the penis. The cause is not known, but it typically occurs after injury or repetitive bending of an erect penis. This causes scar tissue to form. Peyronie's disease is not contagious. It most commonly occurs in people aged 45— Symptoms include:. Some treatments include injectable medications, the use of devices to stretch the penis, or penile implants.
Learn more about Peyronie's disease and its treatments here. Lichen planus is an itchy rash that develops when the immune system attacks skin cells. It causes flat, purple-red bumps to form on the penis or other parts of the body, including the inner arms, wrists, or ankles.
Mild cases often respond well to home care, including taking oatmeal baths, applying cool compresses, and using an over-the-counter hydrocortisone cream. Learn more about lichen planus and its treatment here.
Genital warts are small, bumpy growths that appear on the shaft or head of the penis or under the foreskin. They may cause itching and discomfort. Before HPV vaccines, ,—, people in the United States sought treatment for genital warts every year. Treatment includes topical creams or surgical removal. The warts will likely return in the future, however, as there is no cure for the HPV virus.
Learn more about genital warts and their treatment here. Genital herpes is another STI. It can result from infection with the herpes simplex virus types 1 or 2. More than 1 in every 6 people aged 14—49 years in the U. People should avoid touching the sores, as this could cause them to spread to other parts of the body. Also, refrain from sexual activity with other people during outbreaks. There is no cure for herpes, but medications can prevent or shorten outbreaks.
Some medicines can reduce the risk of transmitting the infection to sexual partners. Learn more about herpes and its treatment here. Syphilis is another STI. In the initial stage, it can cause painless sores or ulcers to form on the penis. These sores last 3—6 weeks and can heal without treatment. However, the infection can then progress to further stages.
In the early stages, treatment includes antibiotics or a penicillin injection. Learn more about syphilis and its treatment here. This viral skin infection causes clusters of small, smooth, and firm bumps to form on the skin.
When molluscum contagiosum affects the genitals or groin, doctors consider it to be an STI. While the bumps often go away without treatment after 12—18 months , the person may be able to pass on the infection for several years.
Doctors often recommend removing the lesions through surgery, freezing, or medication. This will help prevent the person from passing on the infection. Learn more about the treatment options for molluscum contagiosum here. Scabies is a contagious skin condition that develops when Sarcoptes scabiei mites burrow into the skin.
It can affect many areas of the body, including the penis. Sexual contact and having multiple sexual partners increases the risk of developing scabies in the penis. Symptoms can take up to 4—6 weeks to appear after the first exposure to the mites. In people who have had scabies previously, the symptoms can appear within 1—4 days of exposure. Treatment involves medication to kill the mites. Also, home remedies, such as cool compresses and over-the-counter antihistamines, can reduce discomfort until the infection clears up.
Learn more about scabies and its treatment here. Cancer of the penis is rare. According to the American Cancer Society , in and in the U. Treatment varies, depending on the stage of the cancer.
Options include foreskin removal, chemotherapy , or surgical removal of cancerous tissue. Learn more about penile cancer and its treatment here.