Know the truth hiv-HIV and AIDS: Know the Facts | NIH News in Health

HIV human immunodeficiency virus attacks the body's immune system by destroying infection-fighting white blood cells. HIV is spread through certain bodily fluids, often through sex with an infected person, but also by sharing needles and from a pregnant mother to her child. That is NOT true. Why is this important? Silence makes people think HIV is no longer a problem and makes health systems and funders think support is less important," Havlir told BuzzFeed Health in an email.

Submit it here. This way people learn of their own infection status and access necessary prevention and treatment services fhe delay. Ending te in health care settings 7 July HIV can also spread from an infected mother to her newborn. Key approaches for HIV prevention, which are often used in combination, are listed below. Certain groups, Know the truth hiv as Hispanic and Latino gay and bisexual men, have had rising numbers of infections and diagnoses. But the earlier HIV is diagnosed and treated, the better the outcome. Obviously, this was a unique situation and it can't be replicated, Johnston says, "but it was very promising because it showed the world that yes, it is possible to cure hhe virus. But studies show that open communication can help people treat and prevent HIV. HIV virus passes from one person to another through certain body fluids, such as Know the truth hiv and semen.

Porno with nude women. Equally amazing strides have been made on the prevention front.

The formula couldn't be simpler. Learn how someone can get infected with the HIV virus and the risks involved. Sexual attraction to unconcious women differences you may not know. Kjow response, the U. Overall, however, the rate of new HIV infections and diagnoses is now dropping in the United States, likely thanks to prevention efforts, the CDC reports. Financial Assistance Is Available. When some people are first infected with HIV, they Know the truth hiv experience flulike symptoms such as fatigue, fever, headache, sore throat, and muscle and joint pain within the first two to four weeks. Your doctor, nurse, or clinic sister wants to test you for Tuberculosis TB. People in other parts of the world are much more severely affected; Know the truth hiv sub-Saharan Africa, almost tthe in every 25 adults has HIV. In the United States, gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with Knoe continue to be at the greatest risk for HIV infection, but men truuth women who have heterosexual sex are also vulnerable, accounting for 20 percent of new HIV infections, the CDC reports. The FDA approval was welcomed by many community-based organizations, which have long cited the benefits of in-home testing at a Lhead latex when 20 percent of the 1.

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV targets the immune system and weakens people's defense systems against infections and some types of cancer.

  • Educating yourself about HIV is, without doubt, the most important way to stay healthy if you are HIV-positive or just trying to avoid infection.
  • HIV is transmitted through the exchange of body fluids and is principally sexually transmitted as this is the main means of such exchange.
  • Contracting the human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, is no longer seen as a death sentence in developed countries, which have the resources to treat it.

HIV human immunodeficiency virus attacks the body's immune system by destroying infection-fighting white blood cells. HIV is spread through certain bodily fluids, often through sex with an infected person, but also by sharing needles and from a pregnant mother to her child.

That is NOT true. Why is this important? Silence makes people think HIV is no longer a problem and makes health systems and funders think support is less important," Havlir told BuzzFeed Health in an email. However, experts warn that the progress has not been consistent and diagnoses are increasing among certain groups. What has decreased is the number of new infections from intravenous drug use, the experts say, largely thanks to clean needle sharing programs.

The experts point to stigmatization, barriers to care, and a lack of education and awareness, especially among young people. According to the CDC , an estimated 1. There are a number of reasons why people go undetected, the experts say. And if they do think they might have HIV, they may be too afraid to find out their status," Rizza says.

Fear of discrimination and stigma hinder testing for many people. But the number of undiagnosed HIV cases also reflects a problem among providers. When it comes to STIs, not knowing your status can both jeopardize your health and the health of all your partners. Like men, women can transmit HIV to their sex and needle-sharing partners.

But women can also transmit the virus to their child while pregnant, giving birth, or breastfeeding. Fortunately, early detection and treatment can prevent transmission from mother to child and improve health outcomes.

AIDS was once a uniformly fatal disease and now is a treatable chronic disease, often requiring only 1 pill a day," Havlir says. It usually consists of a combination of three medications, taken daily, but for some, it's only one pill a day.

People with HIV are still at higher risk for things like stroke and heart disease, Johnston says, but treatment will keep the virus under control. That said, not everyone who has HIV actually starts ART and sticks to a treatment regimen, Rizza says, because of barriers to care or noncompliance.

The fact that many believe that only people of a certain demographic are at risk is another reason why cases go undetected and untreated, Rizza says. It's always important to practice safe sex and use condoms to protect yourself against HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. People with AIDS develop an increasing number of opportunistic infections, or certain illnesses and cancers that happen in people with weak immune systems.

Early treatment is key, because the time window between when someone is infected with HIV and when it turns into AIDS can vary greatly. The earlier you get treated for HIV, the better chance you have at living a healthy life. ART reduces the viral load, or the amount of the virus in the blood and bodily fluids. But once the virus is undetectable, you still have to continue with treatment and get tested regularly to make sure your viral load stays low. And it definitely doesn't mean you are cured.

However, it isn't always easy to become and stay undetectable. It's especially difficult for people living in poverty, who face additional stigmas and barriers to care. Recently, the CDC announced that a person living with HIV who has reached undetectable status cannot transmit the virus to their sexual partners.

This is why treatment is so important, because it protects both the person with HIV and their partners. So if you get on therapy, you not only save your own life but you protect all the other people you have sexual relationships with, which is another incentive to getting tested and treated.

It's not effective if you don't take it correctly. So if you are at risk, you should talk to your doctor about whether PrEP is right for you.

There no cure that we can routinely give to people, Johnston says, but there has been one man, " The Berlin Patient ," who was cured of HIV. Obviously, this was a unique situation and it can't be replicated, Johnston says, "but it was very promising because it showed the world that yes, it is possible to cure this virus. Right now, some of the cure research is focusing on how to eliminate the latent HIV " reservoir ," or the cells that are still infected with HIV but are not actively producing new viruses these cells still exist in undetectable people.

Everyone should get tested for HIV as a part of their routine health care, the experts say, but some groups will need to get more frequent screenings than others. Risk factors for HIV include having sex with someone whose sexual history you don't know anything about, being a sex worker, having unprotected anal or vaginal sex with multiple partners, being diagnosed with another STI, and more. Always talk to your doctor about your HIV risk and screening needs. HIV testing is covered by insurance as a preventive health service under the Affordable Care Act, and if you don't have insurance there are many sites that offer free testing.

Contact Caroline Kee at caroline. Got a confidential tip? Submit it here. View Comments. Oops Looks like your browser doesn't support JavaScript.

When you were told your HIV test result, your mind went into a spin. The evidence-based approach is considered an important part of an overall HIV prevention strategy, which includes the continued consistent use of condoms and a reduction in the number of sexual partners. Atlanta, Georgia; issued June Condoms Are as Important as Ever. Not all circumstances leading up to an HIV test are within your control. Testing the basics.

Know the truth hiv. Know the truth about HIV.

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10 Facts About HIV/AIDS Everyone Should Know | Everyday Health

The HIV virus was first discovered by scientists in , after doctors in Los Angeles and New York began reporting rare types of pneumonia and cancer among gay patients they were treating. That's certainly sobering news given the strides we've made with treatment and prevention efforts in the U.

The company has also launched programs worldwide to help reduce the burden of HIV in women and children. An HIV diagnosis was a death sentence 25 years ago. Tony Bondurant, Ph. It's also gotten easier to stick to treatment regimens over the course of a hopefully long lifetime. Coming down the pipeline next: Janssen is currently studying the use of a single-tablet HIV medication that combines just two drugs.

An injectable two-drug regimen, given every four weeks, is also in the works. The holy grail for putting an end to HIV transmission would be a vaccine—a tool Janssen has been studying in the form of a medication that primes the immune system to fight the virus, then boosts it for an extra-potent response.

Janssen has also supported the development of a vaginal ring containing an antiretroviral drug—licensed by Janssen to the International Partnership for Microbicides for study that may prove to empower women and girls to protect themselves against HIV. In fact, two large Phase 3 clinical trials have shown that the ring significantly reduced HIV incidence by more than half among women over the age of 21, and another study found it was tolerated well in girls under the age of Many young black men are unaware they even have the virus, increasing the risk of HIV transmission.

Almost half of these deaths occurred in sub-Saharan Africa. Women and girls make up more than half of those living with HIV around the world. In fact, young women aged are twice as likely to contract HIV as males the same age. Due to social norms, many women find it difficult, if not impossible, to practice safe sex and use condoms. A simple phone call or letter to your congressperson or senator is one way to get your voice heard—and help support the people who need it most.

Today's Top Reads. We look at how far we've come since the disease was first discovered in —and what still needs to be done to makeHIVhistory, including work on a vaccine. By Hallie Levine September 20, Today's Top Reads Close. Learn more. Share expand. Make a Video. This site uses cookies as described in our Cookie Policy. Please click the "Accept" button or continue to use our site if you agree to our use of cookies.

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