HIV prevention practices may be undertaken by individuals to protect their own health and the health of those in their community, or may be instituted by governments or other organizations as public health policies. The consistent, correct use of condoms is one proven method for preventing the spread of HIV during sexual intercourse. Scientists worldwide are currently researching other prevention systems. Treatment as prevention TasP is also effective; in serodiscordant couples where one partner is HIV-positive and the other is HIV negative , HIV is significantly less likely to be transmitted to the uninfected partner if the HIV positive partner is on treatment. Increased risk of contracting HIV often correlates with infection by other diseases, particularly other sexually transmitted infections.
Until a cure is reach it will continue to plague human society. Although AIDS had become very common, people still die in silence. Essays on Controversial Topics. The virus can be transmitted only if such HIV-infected fluids enter the bloodstream of another person. The influential psychological view of the function served as an attitude, i. Persuasive Essay On Hiv Aids. Louganis had cut his head while diving during Small birthday party ideas for teens Olympics, and concern quickly entered scientific and media discussions about HIV transmission. The American Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC conducted a study in partnership with the Thailand Ministry of Public Health to ascertain the effectiveness of providing people who inject drugs illicitly with daily doses of the antiretroviral drug tenofovir as a prevention measure. I simply wished to remind the public, seconding the opinion of a good number of experts, that when the condom is employed as a contraceptive, it is not totally dependable, Persuasive essay on prevention of hiv that the cases of pregnancy are not rare.
Learn to swing dance arkansas. Aids : Hiv / Aids Essay
This is typically followed by a prolonged period without symptoms. Non-commercial uses sesay the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the Desperation wetting while pregnant babycenter is properly attributed. AIDS Care. Here, we present arguments for and against HIV self-testing. If Prrsuasive, you too know how satisfying, how wonderful that can feel. At the same time, successful ART makes prevention more acceptable and helps in reducing stigma Persuasive essay on prevention of hiv discrimination. For someone to be diagnosed with AIDS typically they would have contracted an infection. Debate around the origin of AIDS has sparked considerable interest and controversy eszay the beginning of the epidemic. However, careful analysis of the sources of new infections in subpopulations is essential in order to focus relevant interventions dssay maximize their impact. This virus weakens a person 's ability to fight infections. Early versions of the home testing kit were banned in some countries due to the concern that false-negative tests would lead to false reassurance and that positive results would lead to suicidality and other adverse events. She grew Funny asian films sick, worrying about her own health and the health Persuasive essay on prevention of hiv her babies that she might have infected.
Medical confusion and prolonged government indifference to the AIDS epidemic was detrimental to early risk reduction and health education efforts.
- Self-testing for HIV has garnered controversy for years and the debate reignited with the approval of a point-of-care test for over-the-counter sale in the US in
- If so, you too know how satisfying, how wonderful that can feel.
- Then very few people knew hardly anything about the disease.
Medical confusion and prolonged government indifference to the AIDS epidemic was detrimental to early risk reduction and health education efforts. Global HIV prevalence stabilized with improvements in identification and surveillance techniques, but reversing the epidemic remains difficult.
The pervasive spread of HIV in particular populations and geographic areas continues as economic realities influence infection rates. The number of new HIV infections per year peaked in the late s, with over 3 million new infections, but the infection rate never plummeted.
Although the percentage of people infected with HIV leveled off in , the number of people living with HIV continues to increase.
The combination of HIV acquisition and longer survival times creates a continuously growing general population. An estimated Within that figure, as many as , children were born with HIV. Those figures are up slightly from the previous year: about 0. Young people account for around 40 percent of new adult age 15 and above HIV infections worldwide.
In , as many as 3 million people became newly infected, and some 2 million died that year of AIDS-related complications.
Transmission of HIV occurs primarily through direct contact with bodily fluids — for example, blood, semen, vaginal fluid, breast milk, and preseminal fluid. Blood transfusions, contaminated hypodermic needles, pregnancy, childbirth, breastfeeding, and anal, vaginal, and oral sex are the primary forms of transmission.
There is currently some speculation that saliva is an avenue for transmission, as evidenced by children contracting HIV through prechewed food, but research is ongoing to determine if this hypothesis is correct. Definitions for surveillance and clinical staging were clarified and officially revised in The symptoms of AIDS do not normally develop in individuals with healthy immune systems; bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites are often controlled by immune systems not damaged by HIV.
HIV affects almost every organ system in the body and increases the risk of developing opportunistic infections. Esophagitis, the inflammation of the lining of the lower end of the esophagus, often results from fungal candidiasis or viral herpes simplex-1 infections. Unexplained chronic diarrhea, caused by bacterial and parasitic infections, is another common gastrointestinal illness affecting HIV-positive people. Brain infections and dementia are neurological illnesses that affect individuals in the late stages of AIDS.
Purplish nodules often appear on the skin, but malignancies also affect the mouth, gastrointestinal tract, and lungs. Nonspecific symptoms such as low-grade fevers, weight loss, swollen glands, sweating, chills, and physical weakness accompany infections and are often early indications that an individual has contracted HIV.
Avoiding exposure to the virus is the primary technique for preventing an HIV infection. Antiretroviral therapies, which stop HIV from replicating, have limited effectiveness. The fourweek dosage causes numerous side effects, however, and it is not percent effective. Initial optimism surrounding HAART, however, is tempered by recent research on the complex health problems of AIDS-related longevity and the costs of antiretroviral drugs.
In the U. Despite scientific knowledge of the routes and probabilities of transmission, the U. Prevention advice reinforced ideas of safety and distance. Homosexual sex and drug use were perceived to be the most risky behaviors; thus heterosexual intercourse and not doing drugs were constructed as safe. Disease prevention programs targeted primarily gay populations but were merely health precautions for everyone else — individuals not at risk. Citizens rarely considered how prevention literature and advice applied to individual lives because the public was relatively uninformed about the routes of HIV transmission.
Subcultures were socially stigmatized as deviant, and at-risk populations were considered obscene and immoral. Despite lack of funding, much of the risk-reduction information that later became available to the public was generated by advocates within the homosexual community. Although avoidance tactics were promoted by the national government, precautionary strategies were adopted and utilized by gay communities.
Distributing information through newspapers, pamphlets, and talks, the community-based campaigns emphasized safe sex and safe practices. Using condoms regardless of HIV status, communication between sexual partners, and simply avoiding intercourse were universal precautions emphasized in both American and European gay health campaigns.
With a nontransmission focus, safe sex knowledge was designed and presented in simple language, not medical terminology, so that the information was easy to understand.
The visibility and accessibility to information helped gay men understand HIV and promoted individual responsibility. The national pedagogy, by contrast, banned sexually explicit discussions in the public sphere. Individuals were encouraged to interrogate their partners in private without truly comprehending either the questions asked or the answers received.
Shortly thereafter, HIV testing centers were established, and the national campaign, centered on avoiding HIV-positive individuals, was implemented.
Instead of adopting safe sex education and behaviors, the government merely inserted technology into existing avoidance paradigms. HIV tests were valid only if the last sexual exchange or possible exposure had occurred within six months to a year earlier.
Unrealistic discussions about sexual practices and behaviors were detrimental to the American population, especially adolescents and young adults.
In epidemiologists confirmed that a wide cross-section of American youth were HIV-positive. Minority and runaway youth were particularly affected, but millions of young people had initiated sexual interactions and drug use in the previous decade. Because health campaigns focused on prevention, there was little and often no help for individuals who were infected.
Diagnosing the onset of symptoms and tactics to delay AIDS progression were almost nonexistent. Refusing to acknowledge that young people were becoming infected, many parents and government officials impeded risk-reduction information.
Under the false assumption that infections among youth occurred through nonsexual transmission, HIV-positive elementary school children and teenagers were grouped together and treated as innocent victims.
Although drug use and needle sharing were prevalent behaviors in teenage initiation interactions, the public agenda focused on sexuality as the primary transmission route. Knowing about or practicing safe sex was dangerous; ignorance would prevent HIV. Representations of youth in the media reinforced the naivete and stereotypes that initially contextualized AIDS in the adult population; New York Times articles suggested HIV infections in gay youth were the result of liaisons with gay adults or experimentation among themselves.
In a manner reminiscent of the initial constructions of AIDS in the s, HIV-infected youth were effectively reduced to deviant, unsafe populations. Securing heterosexuality became, yet again, a form of safe sex and the primary prevention tactic for HIV. Refusal to acknowledge nonintercourse activities as routes for HIV transmission pervaded government policies of the 20th and 21st centuries. Recommendations for avoiding HIV infections were limited in both scope and funding.
Because heterosexual women were increasingly becoming infected, the U. However, female condoms were largely unavailable, and the price was prohibitive for many women. As with the female condom, the test was expensive and continues to be cost-prohibitive. Needle exchange programs demonstrated great effectiveness in reducing HIV infections via blood transmission.
Although the U. Department of Health and Human Services recommended needle exchange programs in , the Clinton administration did not lift the ban on the use of federal funds for such purposes.
Needle exchange remains stigmatized, and funding continues to come primarily from community-based efforts. In the first large-scale human trials for an HIV vaccine began, but no vaccine has been discovered. With growing numbers of individuals contracting HIV, the government implemented some treatment strategies.
AZT continues to be the primary treatment in reducing the risk of mother-to-child transmission MTCT , especially in developing countries. There were few effective treatments for children until August 13, , when the FDA approved a fixed-dose, three-drug combo pill for children younger than 12 years old. He died shortly after his October appearance.
Ryan White, a middle-class, HIV-positive child became one of the most public and media-spotlighted individuals. He had hemophilia and contracted HIV through a blood transfusion. His blood-clotting disorder fit existing innocence paradigms and thus provided opportunities for discussions about HIV, intervention, and government aid.
At age 13, White was banned from attending school, prevented from associating with his classmates, and limited to classroom interactions via the telephone.
The teen culture of the s continued to be affected as additional celebrities were added to the seropositive list. The compassion and understanding for HIV-positive individuals was short-lived, however. Preaching compassion was good in rhetoric but not in practice. Limited public empathy did not quell the diversity of individuals affected by AIDS.
Zamorn died in at age Louganis had cut his head while diving during the Olympics, and concern quickly entered scientific and media discussions about HIV transmission. The discrimination Louganis endured affected athletic policies and issues of participation in sports for HIV-positive athletes.
Efforts to reduce the spread of AIDS focused on eight key areas, including reducing poverty and child mortality, increasing access to education, and improving maternal health.
Universal access to comprehensive prevention programs, treatment, care, and support were projected outcomes for The sheer numbers of people infected with HIV, however, tempered the hope and optimism surrounding intervention techniques. India continues to rank third in the world for HIV. Indonesia has the fastest-growing epidemic, and HIV prevalence among men has increased in Thailand. Eastern Europe and Central Asia have more than 1. Sub-Saharan Africa continues to be the most affected region, with an average of Current infection rates continue to be disproportionately high for women in sub-Saharan Africa.
Women are more susceptible to HIV-1 infections, but their partners usually men are often the carriers and transmitters of HIV. For women as mothers, MTCT can occur in utero during the last weeks of pregnancy, during childbirth, and from breastfeeding.
Although risk behavior has changed among young people in some African nations, the mortality rate from AIDS is high because of unmet treatment needs. Delivery of health service and funding remain inadequate for prevention efforts and HIV treatments. The lowest incidence of HIV infection in the world is in Oceania, where considerably less than 1 percent of adults are infected around 59, , compared with Sub-Saharan Africa, where 5.
Universal precautions, such as avoiding needle sharing and sterilizing medical equipment, are not often followed because health care workers receive inadequate training and there are not enough supplies. Blood transfusions account for 5 to 15 percent of HIV transmissions because the standard donor selection and HIV screening procedures completed in industrial nations are not performed in developing countries.
Approximately 2. The implementation of universal precautions is difficult when funding is severely restricted or absent. Education efforts are also constrained by the lack of funding.
AIDS is a serious theme to deal with. Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin. This decreases the body's ability to fight infection and suppress multiplication of abnormal cells, such as cancer. Attitude and behavior changes among gay and bisexual men after use of rapid home HIV tests to screen sexual partners. The virus and the infection it causes are termed HIV. Replacing clinic-based tests with home-use tests may increase HIV prevalence among Seattle men who have sex with men: evidence from a mathematical model. Finance Marketwire; Jun 27,
Persuasive essay on prevention of hiv. Hiv : Hiv And Hiv
HIV Speech Essay -- HIV, AIDS, Health
Open Document. Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper. Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly. Due to the fact, Saddleback is generally a conservative upper class congregation, and Obama being a liberal senator representing mostly inner city Chicago. One could see that Barack and the Congregation did not really mesh well together. Going into this Obama must have known he had to create a speech that would resonate with his audience.
When presenting his speech on AIDS awareness in Africa, he had to persuade these people to donate money to another country Good Essays words 3. It has been a major cause of death and continues as a public health concern which needs to be controlled. To understand the efforts being made by two campaigns, the Treatment Action Campaign and loveLife, an understanding of what the country is facing is essential. Good Essays words 3 pages.
Therefore, this infectious, terminable disease has become a worldwide epidemic that has forced humanity to respond to it with the same vigor that the disease has attacked mankind. Good Essays words 5. Intro: A. Think about your phone ringing; on the other end of the phone is someone from the hospital your spouse has just been in an accident and they are bleeding profusely. Think about if you 're your newborn child was one of the 1, babies born every year that are diagnosed with sickle-cell disease.
Think if your friend just started chemotherapy and will need blood to remove the toxins that are being injected to fight their cancer Good Essays words 2. Physical growth occurs along this path, but along with it, the most important and fundamental components of every human being also happens, this is known as cognitive development.
For that reason, cognitive and motor development are fundamental parts for the healthy growth of a child. However, there are factors that can inhibit development and cause damage, including infectious and sociocultural factors Msellati et al. Good Essays words 4. The envelope is made of the viral protein ENV and has spikes that protrude from the shell made of two more structural viral proteins GP and GP The GP protein forms the tip of the viral spike and interacts with macrophage and helper-T cell receptor CD4 to initiate entry into the cell.
Once bound, the GP protein undergoes a conformational change that resists immune system recognition, a process termed conformational masking. Same sex marriage is a trending topic if not a trendy one.
Countries throughout the globe are pressured with the question of homosexuality being an issue of right or morality Central Idea: To show the benefits of Government funded exploration and examination of the oceanic environments across the globe.
Credibility Statement: I have gathered information from various online sources and periodicals to illustrate the importance of our undersea environment Introduction A. As you sit in a classroom at the Community College, you may not think that saving a life is something you could do today, but, in fact, it's quite easy to do. The first thing that may come to mind is some sort of emergency rescue. The easiset way to save a life is blood donation. Good Essays words 2 pages. HIV Speech Essay.
Essay Preview. Read Full Essay Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper. Need Writing Help? Persuasive Speech on Oceanic Exploration - Specific Purpose: To persuade the audience to view oceanic exploration as a valuable undertaking.