Pregnancy and devlivery-Pregnancy Labor and Delivery

Vaginal delivery is the most common type of birth. When necessary, assisted delivery methods are needed. While labor can be a straightforward, uncomplicated process, it might require the assistance of the medical staff. This assistance can vary from use of medicines to emergency delivery procedures. The procedure your doctor might use will depend on the conditions that might arise while you are in labor.

Pregnancy and devlivery

Pregnancy and devlivery

Archived from the original on 20 December Pregnsncy M. Your due date Raising Children Network. Search all BMC articles Search. Lastly, it is important to investigate what media producers know about childbirth and labour and their views on the impact that the current representations may be having on women.

Mature and old women havi. Early signs of labour

You know the trigger points and are in a better position to deal with them effectively and efficiently than you were during round one. Each and every pregnancy delivery is a unique experience in itself. This is one experience every woman should have at least once in her lifetime. Bear mkt s bikini contest Perry. In this article: When will I go into labor? Pregnancy and devlivery down the days until you meet baby? Hot pregnant milf live porn 7 min Jjvyxxx - 6. What to Pack for the Hospital. Pregnancy Baby Care. An rh negative pregnancy or high Pregnancy and devlivery pressure, or wrong lifestyle choices can put the most experienced of mothers to the test. Labor could be hours, days or even weeks away as the cervix gradually opens. Find out what happens during the three stages of labor, how long each stage lasts, what it feels like, and how you can manage the pain of labor and birth.

Childbirth , also known as labour and delivery , is the ending of pregnancy where one or more babies leaves a woman's uterus by passing through the vagina or by Caesarean section.

  • Learn the early signs of labor, find out how you'll know labor has started, and know when to call the hospital.
  • Conceiving and going through 40 weeks of pregnancy, which culminates in pregnancy delivery is an experience that leads to the creation of a new life.
  • Thankfully, your body will give you some solid clues.

NCBI Bookshelf. The last few days of pregnancy are an exciting time. But when your due date has passed, waiting for labor to start can be stressful too.

Many parents-to-be become anxious. If there are no specific problems, the baby is very probably doing fine, though. When a pregnancy continues its full normal course about 40 weeks , it is called a term pregnancy or full-term pregnancy. If a baby is born before 37 completed weeks of pregnancy, it is considered to be a preterm birth.

Being born too early is associated with various risks for the baby. A pregnancy that continues for longer than 42 weeks is called a post-term, prolonged or overdue pregnancy. This definition may vary from country to country. About 60 out of women give birth on or before their given due date. In another 35 out of women, contractions start on their own within two weeks of the due date. But it takes longer in about 5 out of women.

The reason why the baby is overdue is usually not known. Sometimes it is because of a genetic predisposition hereditary. Women who have already had a baby that came much later than their due date are more likely to have an overdue baby in future pregnancies.

Being born after the 40th week only rarely harms the child. To be on the safe side, though, the doctor or midwife will start doing more checks to see how she or he is doing. In the first week after the due date, the baby and mother are not at higher risk of complications if they are both doing well. Even after that, the risk of something happening to the baby doesn't increase much.

But certain risks do increase a little. If a baby is overdue, the main associated risks are:. Being overdue is generally associated with few risks for the pregnant woman. But childbirth can be more difficult if the child is too big.

Almost all babies are born within three or four weeks of the due date. If a baby hasn't been born by then, the risk of being stillborn dead at birth increases. Babies are very rarely born that late, though, because labor is usually induced two weeks after the due date at the latest. To induce labor, hormones or other methods are used to try to get labor contractions started artificially.

It's important to know the approximate due date because a lot of decisions are based upon this estimate. For instance, the due date is important for determining when maternity leave starts, and deciding whether to induce labor or do additional examinations. The length of pregnancy is always considered to be 40 weeks or days — even though very few pregnancies last exactly days.

The starting date for these 40 weeks is the first day of your last menstrual period. But this estimate isn't very reliable because women don't always remember exactly what day that was. And some women still have light bleeding at the start of pregnancy, around the time when they would normally have got their period. So they might have been pregnant for a few weeks longer than they realize. What's more, periods aren't always exactly four weeks apart. And the baby might have been conceived a little later after your period than assumed in the calculation.

These are further factors that make it harder to calculate an accurate due date. Due to frequent mistakes in estimating when the pregnancy started, doctors and midwives sometimes adjust due dates that were calculated in this way — for instance, based on the size of the child in an ultrasound scan during early pregnancy.

This makes it possible to see what is happening inside the womb uterus , and how big the baby is. The size of the baby can be used to estimate how old the unborn baby is. This estimated age, known as the gestational age, tells us how many weeks the woman has been pregnant. In the first few weeks of pregnancy, developing babies embryos are very similar in size.

This means that the due date can be estimated quite accurately based on ultrasound scans in the first trimester the first twelve weeks of pregnancy. But ultrasound scans aren't entirely accurate either. In Germany, women are usually offered an ultrasound scan between eight and twelve weeks of pregnancy. If the estimated due date based on the ultrasound scan is very different to the due date calculated based on your last period, your doctor or midwife can adjust your due date accordingly.

Certain examinations can help midwives and doctors to identify possible problems affecting the mother or child. If your due date has passed, you are likely to be offered more appointments and check-ups. In Germany, women who have passed their due date usually have check-ups twice a week.

Common examinations include cardiotocography CTG, also called a non-stress test and ultrasound scans. You might also be checked for signs of infection, especially if amniotic fluid has been leaking.

Most overdue babies are still usually born without any complications. To lower the risk of complications, it is common to suggest inducing labor after a certain amount of time has passed, even if the mother and baby are doing well.

Whether and — if so — when labor is induced is a personal decision that parents-to-be can make together with their doctors. It will mainly depend on whether there is a high risk of complications during the birth. The critical factors include. Doctors usually suggest inducing labor if there are signs of possible complications that mean the baby needs to be born soon — but the complications aren't serious enough for the baby to be delivered by Cesarean.

Even if there are no signs of complications, labor induction will probably be recommended after a certain amount of time anyway. If one week has passed since the due date, inducing labor can lower the risk of the baby dying. But this risk is generally very low: it happens in about 3 out of 1, births when labor isn't induced.

Inducing labor can also lower the risk of serious breathing problems and of having to have a Cesarean section. There are many traditional methods that women use to try to get labor started, including things like going on long walks.

Some women try to induce labor by having sex or stimulating their nipples. There has even been research on these approaches. But it only produced weak evidence suggesting that stimulating nipples for about one to three hours per day can help. This is what was found:. Because only about women took part in the studies, these findings can only give us a rough idea of how effective nipple stimulation might be in other women.

Nipple stimulation also reduced the risk of bleeding after giving birth. But nipple stimulation was only found to be effective in women who did not have any major problems in pregnancy.

Research has not found that sex induces labor. Women sometimes try out a number of other things to try to get childbirth started. Some drink raspberry leaf tea to soften the cervix, while others use homoeopathy, evening primrose oil, acupuncture , or hypnosis. But there is no scientific proof that these approaches work. Castor oil is another traditional method used to try to induce labor. It is available in the form of a juice, a solution used in colonic irrigation, or capsules that are swallowed.

This oil has not been proven to have a positive effect. But research has shown that it causes nausea in most women. There is not enough research on the safety and effectiveness of castor oil. There are several different methods that doctors commonly use to induce labor. One of the first steps is often to prepare the cervix for birth.

It is tightly closed throughout the pregnancy. When the body starts preparing for birth, hormones make the cervix relax and become softer.

Hormones, especially hormones called prostaglandins, may be applied to the cervix in the form of a gel to prepare it for birth. They can also be used to induce labor contractions. Balloon catheters are sometimes used to stretch and open the cervix as well. Sometimes these measures are enough to set the birth off. If not, other hormones are used — typically either prostaglandins or oxytocin.

The amniotic sac is the fluid-filled bag that the baby is inside. It can be opened by making a small, painless cut — a procedure known as amniotomy. Although these procedures don't usually hurt, most women find them unpleasant. So it's important that labor starts quite soon afterwards, because the baby is no longer protected by the amniotic fluid. Induced labor doesn't cause any serious problems in most women.

But they might have side effects. The main side effects of prostaglandins are gastrointestinal problems like nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Oxytocin can cause water retention and other problems involving fluid balance, such as low sodium levels. The amount of hormones in the IV drip is adjusted to make the induced contractions as normal as possible — in other words, not too frequent and not too strong. Induced labor should not force a birth, but help it happen as naturally as possible.

When labor is induced, more tests are needed than usual.

First Year. Delivering by C-Section. Your cervix dilates and effaces to a good extent even during the false contractions. Today, delivering a healthy baby is a normal phenomenon. Tips on Writing a Birth Plan. The mucus plug could be released all at once or little by little like a thick discharge. Pregnant baby 10 min Pregnantsexyvideos - 1.

Pregnancy and devlivery

Pregnancy and devlivery

Pregnancy and devlivery

Pregnancy and devlivery

Pregnancy and devlivery. Pregnancy Delivery Today

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Pregnancy and birth: When your baby’s due date has passed - infoawl.com - NCBI Bookshelf

Vaginal delivery is the most common type of birth. When necessary, assisted delivery methods are needed. While labor can be a straightforward, uncomplicated process, it might require the assistance of the medical staff.

This assistance can vary from use of medicines to emergency delivery procedures. The procedure your doctor might use will depend on the conditions that might arise while you are in labor. These assisted delivery procedures can include the following:. An episiotomy is a surgical incision made in the perineum the area of skin between the vagina and the anus. Most women will not need one. This is reserved for special circumstances. There are two types of incisions: the midline, made directly back toward the anus, and the medio-lateral, which slants away from the anus.

A local anesthetic might be used in mothers who do not opt for an epidural during labor. An amniotomy is the artificial rupture of the amniotic membranes, or sac, which contains the fluid surrounding the baby. The amniotomy can be done either before or during labor. An amniotomy is usually done to:. Your healthcare provider will use an amniohook, which looks like a crochet hook, to rupture the sac.

Once the procedure is completed, delivery should take place within 24 hours to prevent infection. Induction of labor usually means that labor needs to be started for a number of reasons. It is most often used for pregnancies with medical problems or other complications.

This can be external or internal. The rest of the baby is delivered normally. A cesarean section , also called a c-section, is a surgical procedure performed if a vaginal delivery is not possible.

During this procedure, the baby is delivered through surgical incisions made in the abdomen and the uterus. A cesarean delivery might be planned advance if a medical reason calls for it, or it might be unplanned and take place during your labor if certain problems arise.

An unplanned cesarean delivery might be needed if any of the following conditions arise during your labor:. During labor, the baby might begin to develop heart rate patterns that could present a problem.

Your doctor might decide that the baby can no longer tolerate labor and that a cesarean delivery is necessary. At the start of the procedure, the anesthesia will be administered. Your abdomen will then be cleaned with an antiseptic, and you might have an oxygen mask placed over your mouth and nose to increase oxygen to the baby. The doctor will then make an incision through your skin and into the wall of the abdomen. The doctor might use either a vertical or horizontal incision.

A horizontal incision is also called a bikini incision, because it is placed beneath the belly button. Next, a 3- to 4-inch incision is then made in the wall of the uterus, and the doctor removes the baby through the incisions. The umbilical cord is then cut, the placenta is removed, and the incisions are closed. Because the cesarean is major surgery, it will take you longer to recover from this type of delivery than it would from a vaginal delivery.

Depending on your condition, you will probably stay in the hospital from 2 to 4 days. Once the anesthesia wears off, you will begin to feel the pain from the incisions, so be sure to ask for pain medicine. You might also experience gas pains and have trouble taking deep breaths. You will also have a vaginal discharge after the surgery due to the shedding of the uterine wall.

The discharge will be red at first and then gradually change to yellow. Be sure to call your healthcare provider if you experience heavy bleeding or a foul odor from the vaginal discharge. The majority of women who have had a cesarean delivery might be able to deliver vaginally in a subsequent pregnancy. If you meet the following criteria, your chances of vaginal birth after cesarean VBAC are greatly increased:. Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center.

Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Pregnancy: Types of Delivery Medical assistance during the delivery of a baby can vary from use of medicines to emergency delivery procedures. Appointments What is an assisted delivery? What are some assisted delivery procedures that might take place during my labor? These assisted delivery procedures can include the following: Episiotomy An episiotomy is a surgical incision made in the perineum the area of skin between the vagina and the anus.

Induced labor Induction of labor usually means that labor needs to be started for a number of reasons. This can be used either continuously or intermittently. A pressure sensor can also be placed near the baby to measure the strength of contractions. Cesarean section A cesarean section , also called a c-section, is a surgical procedure performed if a vaginal delivery is not possible.

When would I need a cesarean section? Previous cesarean birthAlthough it is possible to have a vaginal birth after a previous cesarean, it is not an option for all women. Factors that can affect whether a cesarean is needed include the type of uterine incision used in the previous cesarean and the risk of rupturing the uterus with a vaginal birth.

Multiple pregnancy Although twins can often be delivered vaginally, two or more babies might require a cesarean delivery. Transverse lie The baby is in a horizontal, or sideways, position in the uterus. If your doctor determines that the baby cannot be turned through abdominal manipulation, you will need to have a cesarean delivery. Breech presentationIn a breech presentation, or breech birth, the baby is positioned to deliver feet or bottom first.

An unplanned cesarean delivery might be needed if any of the following conditions arise during your labor: Failure of labor to progressIn this condition, the cervix begins to dilate and stops before the woman is fully dilated, or the baby stops moving down the birth canal. Prolapsed cord The umbilical cord comes out of the cervix before the baby does. Abruptio placentae In rare occurrence the placenta separates from the wall of the uterus before the baby is born.

What can I expect before the cesarean? If the cesarean delivery is not an emergency, the following procedures will take place. You will be asked if you consent to the procedure, and in some hospitals, you might be asked to sign a consent form.

The anesthesiologist will discuss the type of anesthesia to be used. You will have a heart, pulse, and blood pressure monitor applied. Hair clipping will be done around the incision area. A catheter will be inserted to keep your bladder empty. Medicine will be put directly into your vein.

What is the procedure for a cesarean? How long does the procedure take? From beginning to end, a cesarean takes anywhere from 1 to 2 hours. What happens after the delivery? What are some of the risks involved in a cesarean delivery? Like any surgery, a cesarean section involves some risks.

These might include: Infection Loss of blood or need for a blood transfusion A blood clot that may break off and enter the bloodstream embolism Injury to the bowel or bladder A cut that might weaken the uterine wall Abnormalities of the placenta in subsequent pregnancies Difficulty becoming pregnant Risks from general anesthesia if used Fetal injury Can I have a baby vaginally after a cesarean delivery?

If you meet the following criteria, your chances of vaginal birth after cesarean VBAC are greatly increased: A low transverse incision was made into your uterus during your cesarean. Your pelvis is not too small to accommodate a normal-sized baby.

You are not having a multiple pregnancy. Your first cesarean was performed for breech presentation of the baby. Show More.

Pregnancy and devlivery

Pregnancy and devlivery