Pronunciation of botanical latin-Pronouncing Botanical Latin

Botanical Latin is a technical language based on New Latin , used for descriptions of botanical taxa. Until , International Code of Botanical Nomenclature mandated Botanical Latin to be used for the descriptions of most new taxa. The names of organisms governed by the Code also have forms based on Latin. Botanical Latin is primarily a written language. It includes taxon names derived from any language or even arbitrarily derived, [3] and consequently there is no single consistent pronunciation system.

Sure, there are good guesses based on poetry and such, but we don't have any tape recordings or first-hand accounts of Roman speech. Comarosta'phylis Ericame'ria Eriodic'tyon Gutierre'zia Heliotro'pium Krascheninniko'via Mesembryan'themum Parieta'ria Stephanome'ria Umbellula'ria Names that don't follow the above general guidelines:. The following table is simplified from Stearn This is a complicated and confusing subject for a great variety of reasons. Classical Latin was itself somewhat fluid, incorporating the character Priness leia bikini the languages of conquered cultures. What I do is look at the Pronunciation of botanical latin lattin pronounce each root separately, just like we do with Rhododendron—break it up into rhodo and dendron and say each one like its own word.

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Botanical Latin is a technical language based on New Latinused for descriptions of botanical taxa. This systematic process for naming plants and animals is still the universally recognized system. Generic and specific names are Latin, or Latinised names, usually Greek. Pronunciation of botanical latin example, Taro is a common name for several plants in the Araceae family. If instead the plant climbsit could be called scandens. Archives All Archives. The most common is the grouping of several genera plural of genus into a family. Knowing the botanical name of a plant allows us to converse about a specific plant throughout the world. The following table is simplified from Stearn Some epithets, such as praecoxmean simply early. Sign-up for E-news. About 80 per cent of generic names and 30 per cent of specific epithets come from languages other than Latin and Greek. Thus, we Pronunciation of botanical latin thank Carl Von Linnaeus for setting the foundation of classification for us.

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  • The scientific names of plants may be difficult to pronounce, but necessary since the common name of a plant may be different in various parts of the country or the world.
  • The worst part: worries about proper pronunciation.
  • Washington Park Arboretum Bulletin , Spring
  • Botanical Latin is a technical language based on New Latin , used for descriptions of botanical taxa.

In general, the recommended pronunciations accord with older references that I have found to be both consistent and reliable, rather than with current popular usage, which is often inconsistent and unreliable. A Guide to the Perversities of Botanical Latin. By the way, be sure to visit the enormously useful and fascinating Dictionary of Botanical Epithets. Now, go forth and pronounce boldly! But the word in fact comes from the Greek agauos , meaning illustrious, and many sane and reliable older references give the pronuciation as uh-GAY-vee.

Absolutely, I am not making this up. Your choice. PEW-mih-luh Astilbe chinensis var. PAY-puh Myosotis scorpioides var. Practically everyone says PEN-stih-mun. Personally, I find that wonderfully persuasive, and am willing to risk ridicule and ostracism in the name of principle. But you will do what you must. DEEM-ee-eye Rudbeckia fulgida var. DON-uld-ee-eye Syringa pubescens subsp. PAT-you-luh Syringa reticulata subsp.

All of these systems, however, will inevitably be unsustainable across the spectrum of botanical names. A shrubby plant might be labeled fructicosus or frutescens. William T. Plant taxonomy refers to all plants: past, present and future. Comments: 4. You use the scientific family name without using the word family. Francisation des termes en latin scientifique.

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OverPlanted: Tom Fischer — Botanical Latin Pronunciation Guide | How Do You Say That?

Botanical Latin is a technical language based on New Latin , used for descriptions of botanical taxa. Until , International Code of Botanical Nomenclature mandated Botanical Latin to be used for the descriptions of most new taxa. The names of organisms governed by the Code also have forms based on Latin. Botanical Latin is primarily a written language. It includes taxon names derived from any language or even arbitrarily derived, [3] and consequently there is no single consistent pronunciation system.

When speakers of different languages use Botanical Latin in speech, they use pronunciations influenced by their own languages, or, notably in French, there may be variant spellings based on the Latin. There are at least two pronunciation systems used for Latin by English speakers. All of these systems, however, will inevitably be unsustainable across the spectrum of botanical names.

Augustin Pyramus de Candolle described the language in Stearn [5] [It is the Latin chosen by Linnaeus for the purpose of descriptions, and, I dare to say, for the use of those who love neither grammatical complications nor phrases arranged with senses on top of one another.

De Candolle estimated that to learn Botanical Latin would take three months' work for an English speaker not already familiar with any language of Latin origin, and one month for an Italian. William T. Stearn wrote: [6]. Botanical Latin is best described as a modern Romance language of special technical application, derived from Renaissance Latin with much plundering of ancient Greek, which has evolved, mainly since and primarily through the work of Carl Linnaeus —78 , to serve as an international medium for the scientific naming of plants in all their vast numbers and manifold diversity.

These include many thousands of plants unknown to the Greeks and Romans of classical times and for which names have had to be provided as a means of reference. Their description necessitates the recording of structures often too small for comprehension by the naked eye, hence unknown to the ancients and needing words with precise restricted applications foreign to classical Latin. Latin names of organisms are generally used in English without alteration, but some informal derivatives are used as common names.

For example, the - idae ending of subclass names is changed to -ids e. The -ids common names have, however also been adopted as rankless clade names, sometimes containing further -ids clade names, so that, for example, in the APG IV classification, rosids contain both fabids and malvids.

More extensive modifications to the spelling and pronunciation are routinely used in some other languages. French organism names are usually gallicized. This letter alphabet is used for taxon names in Botanical Latin. Some English speakers, and some speakers of other languages, use the reconstructed pronunciation guide for Classical Latin when speaking Botanical Latin.

In classical Latin words of several syllables the stress falls on the syllable next to the last one the penultimate when this syllable is long About 80 per cent of generic names and 30 per cent of specific epithets come from languages other than Latin and Greek. A simple and consistent method of pronouncing them does not exist.

The rules also create difficulties with the - ii and - iae endings derived from personal names, because the stress falls in a place that is not usual for those names. The following table is simplified from Stearn From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: Traditional English pronunciation of Latin.

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