Seventy-four percent of U. Subscribe to receive weekly Gallup News alerts. Never miss our latest insights. Of 21 personal behaviors and practices measured, Americans agree most widely that birth control is morally acceptable and that extramarital affairs are morally wrong. More Americans continue to believe sexual orientation is present at birth rather than a result of upbringing.
UK responsible for defence. We need to confirm your email address. See a timeline highlighting changes in state policies from The law also applies to straight people who have anal or oral sex. What are some of the reasons why you oppose legal same-sex marriages? Pathologization or attempted treatment of sexual orientation with minors by mental health professionals illegal in some states and territories. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Judicial order required. Do you think gays or lesbians Report against gay marriage or should not be hired for each of the following occupations? So long defined, the tradition is measured in millennia, not centuries or decades.
Mom fucked sons. 'True equality took longer': gay people on the Sexual Offences Act
Yale Child Study Center psychiatrist Kyle Pruett reports that children of IVF often ask their single or lesbian mothers about their fathers, asking their mothers questions like the following:"Mommy, what did you do with my daddy? We reject and condemn any violence. Nevertheless, theses Report against gay marriage give some credence to conservative concerns about the effects of homosexual parenting. August For instance, women are happier when their husband earns the lion's share of the household income. It is not entitled, therefore, to the protection the State extends to true marriage. It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. Yes, let me download! But the research Sex tips for virgins this area is quite preliminary; most of the studies are Report against gay marriage by advocates and most suffer from serious methodological problems. The survey was conducted on a demographically representative survey of 1, U. The natural tendency of such a union is not to create families. Among other things, we know that fathers excel in reducing antisocial behavior and delinquency in boys and sexual activity in girls. Government revenue from marriage comes from marriage licenses, higher income taxes againt some circumstances the so-called "marriage amrriageand decreases in costs for state benefit programs. May 8,
A large and growing body of scientific evidence indicates that the intact, married family is best for children.
- Prior to their decision, same-sex marriage was already legal in 37 states and Washington DC, but was banned in the remaining
- Calling something marriage does not make it marriage.
- In the following 3 chapters, you will quickly find the 16 most important statistics relating to "Homosexuality".
- Gay marriage is also referred to as same sex marriage.
Same-sex sexual acts are illegal in Ghana. LGBT rights in Ghana are heavily suppressed. Physical and violent homophobic attacks against LGBT people are common, often encouraged by the media and religious and political leaders. Reports of young gay people being kicked out of their homes are also common. Despite the Constitution guaranteeing a right to freedom of speech, of expression and of assembly to Ghanaian citizens, these fundamental rights are actively denied to LGBT people.
Homosexual relations used to be accepted in Ghana prior to the arrival of the European colonisers and Christianity. These laws were kept following Ghana's independence in There are also reports of torture programmes designed at "curing" homosexuality. However, similarly to many African nations, homophobia and intolerance of LGBT people were brought to Ghana through colonial laws. Homosexuality was widely accepted or not viewed any differently to heterosexuality prior to colonisation.
There is historical evidence of homosexuality in Ghana. In the 18th and 19th century Asante courts, male slaves served as concubines. They dressed like women and were killed when their master died. In the Kingdom of Dahomey , eunuchs akho'si were known as royal wives and played an important part at court. The Nzema people had a tradition of adult men marrying each other, usually with a year age difference. Lesbian marriages also occurred, though more rarely. The couple would obverse all the social equivalents of a heterosexual marriage, a bride price was paid and a traditional wedding ceremony was held.
The Fante people also accepted homosexuality, and would believe that those, of either sex, with "heavy souls" were attracted to women, whereas those with "light souls" were attracted to men. Homosexuality in Ghana was criminalised in the s. Section of the Ghanaian Criminal Code of contains provisions criminalising consensual same-sex sexual acts between adults. Under Section 1 b "unnatural carnal knowledge" with consent is considered a misdemeanour. Additionally, Section 2 defines "unnatural carnal knowledge" as "sexual intercourse with a person in an unnatural manner or with an animal.
Several sources indicate that whilst the law may not lead to prosecutions before local courts, numerous instances of persecution are widespread and common. Section 99 of the Ghanaian Criminal Code of establishes that whenever, upon the trial of any person for an offence punishable under this Code, it is necessary to prove carnal knowledge or unnatural carnal knowledge, the carnal knowledge or unnatural carnal knowledge shall be deemed complete "upon proof of the least degree of penetration.
In , a local lawyer, John Ndebugri challenged views on the illegality of lesbianism under Ghanaian law. According to him, lesbianism, which is also homosexuality, does not involve penetration with a penis and therefore cannot be described as sexual intercourse or unnatural, based on section of the Criminal Code. They cannot penetrate," in a story published by MyJoyOnline. The law also applies to straight people who have anal or oral sex. Though the state "does not concern itself with this" because it is their private life, causing allegations of hypocrisy.
Ghana does not recognise same-sex marriage or same-sex civil unions. A single person may apply to adopt a child if that person is a citizen of Ghana, except that a single male may adopt only if the child to be adopted is his biological child. Same-sex couples are not allowed to adopt children. Section 12 2 of Chapter 5 of the Constitution of Ghana provides that, "Every person in Ghana, whatever his race, place of origin, political opinion, colour, religion, creed or gender shall be entitled to the fundamental human rights and freedoms of the individual contained in this Chapter but subject to respect for the rights and freedoms of others and for the public interest.
He said that the "police beat and punish people who are found to be gays". Supporting such a conference, or even allowing it, will encourage that tendency which the law forbids. Government would like to make it absolutely clear that it shall not permit the proposed conference anywhere in Ghana.
Unnatural carnal knowledge is illegal under our criminal code. Homosexuality, lesbianism[,] and bestiality are therefore offences under the laws in Ghana. On 21 July , Paul Evans Aidoo , the Western Region Minister, ordered all gay people in the west of the country to be rounded up and arrested and called on landlords and tenants to inform on people they suspected of being gay. This was in response to British Prime Minister David Cameron 's comment that the United Kingdom would consider cutting off aid to any country that failed to recognize gay rights.
Mills said that Cameron "does not have the right to direct other sovereign nations as to what they should do especially where their societal norms and ideals are different from those that exist" in Britain.
We have made our positions well known. Ghanaian societies frown on homosexuality I heard what the secretary general said and I wasn't surprised because of where he is coming from, but we only listened to him. We have all made our positions well known. Nobody can say in Ghana we discriminate against homosexuality, there is no witch-hunting on homosexuality The secretary general has made his views known and we have also made our views known so the value is the same.
In , a birthday party was violently interrupted by a mob, who claimed the party was a same-sex wedding. The police refused to arrest the attackers, and arrested some of the victims. In , a gay man was subject to a manhunt, after Muslim officials threatened to burn or bury him alive because he was gay.
In , a group of lesbian women were "shit-bombed" and "pelted with stones" because they were gay. In a rare incident in April , police in Accra arrested two men who had blackmailed, extorted and abused a gay man, and who had threatened to post nude pictures of him. The police arrested the men and cooperated with the victim in finding them. Reports emerged in August of programmes run by religious leaders where LGBT people are tortured as a means to "cure" their homosexuality.
Called conversion therapy , this "treatment" enjoys no medical or scientific support. Indeed, this pseudoscientific practice leads to depression, anxiety and suicide.
The U. Department of State 's Human Rights Report found that,. LGBT persons faced widespread discrimination [in ], as well as police harassment and extortion attempts.
Gay men in prison were often subjected to sexual and other physical abuse. In June [,] more than 1, protesters in Takoradi, Western Region, participated in a peaceful rally against reports of gay and lesbian activities in their city.
This was reportedly the first such protest in the country. After the workshop, The Daily Graphic announced that 8, gay persons had been "registered" in the Western and Central Regions.
However, experts in the field denied that there had been any such "registration". After the workshop[,] there was significant negative reporting in the media about homosexuality. In a June interview with The Daily Graphic , the Western Region minister called on the government to take steps to combat homosexuality.
He included the possibility of police raids on locales frequented by gay men and lesbians, efforts by community leaders to "wean young people" away from homosexuality, and a public condemnation by the government. However, no arrests of persons were made in connection with his comments by year's end, and he did not repeat his call. It was reported that four men who worked within the community of gay men were arrested in May in connection with an alleged sexual assault and were later charged with sodomy.
The case was first brought to the Takoradi Circuit Court on August 24; however, it had not been heard by year's end. LGBT persons faced widespread discrimination, as well as police harassment and extortion attempts. In March a gang of men assaulted nine people they believed to be LGBT individuals in Jamestown, a neighborhood of Accra, forcing them from their homes and attacking them with canes and sticks. The victims filed a complaint with a legal human rights organization. They said their homes were burgled while they were chased out.
No arrests had been made in the case by year's end. In May a peer educator employed by an NGO to instruct sexual health education workshops was assaulted by a group of boys at a school in the Volta Region. The assault occurred after they discovered he was carrying safe-sex presentation materials such as condoms, wooden sex organ replicas, lubricant, and pamphlets.
The peer educator was detained by police but later released. The boys were not charged. The following recommendations were made to Ghana the countries that initiated the recommendation are listed in brackets : . Ghana rejected all of these recommendations. While serving as president of Ghana, the late John Evans Atta Mills vowed in not to legalise homosexuality despite UK Prime Minister David Cameron 's threat to cut aid to Ghana because of its record on human rights for its gay population.
In November , President Nana Akufo-Addo suggested that the legalisation of homosexuality in Ghana is inevitable and said he can foresee a change in the law. In August , President Akufo-Addo stated that the Government of Ghana would not legalise same-sex marriage or decriminalise homosexuality. In recent years, there have been several grassroot LGBT groups which have come together to form a bigger movement under the name Coalition Against Homophobia, Transphobia and Biphobia in Ghana.
These groups operate underground. Members of the group operate through the dark web. To be seen supporting the views and interest of gays, lesbians and bisexuals can easily result in the attack or probable lynching of its members. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. LGBT rights in Ghana. LGBT portal Africa portal. The Guardian.
BBC News. Retrieved 23 February Geneva: ILGA. Archived from the original PDF on 24 October Retrieved 18 August Archived from the original on 19 March Retrieved 18 March
Report against gay marriage. Public opinion on same-sex marriage
This study, along with David Popenoe's work, suggests that a father's pheromones influence the biological development of his daughter, that a strong marriage provides a model for girls of what to look for in a man, and gives them the confidence to resist the sexual entreaties of their boyfriends.
Although homosexual men are less likely to have children than lesbians, homosexual men are and will be raising children. There will be even more if homosexual civil marriage is legalized. These households deny children a mother. Among other things, mothers excel in providing children with emotional security and in reading the physical and emotional cues of infants. Obviously, they also give their daughters unique counsel as they confront the physical, emotional, and social challenges associated with puberty and adolescence.
A number of leading professional associations have asserted that there are "no differences" between children raised by homosexuals and those raised by heterosexuals.
But the research in this area is quite preliminary; most of the studies are done by advocates and most suffer from serious methodological problems. Sociologist Steven Nock of the University of Virginia, who is agnostic on the issue of same-sex civil marriage, offered this review of the literature on gay parenting as an expert witness for a Canadian court considering legalization of same-sex civil marriage:.
This is not exactly the kind of social scientific evidence you would want to launch a major family experiment. University of Virginia Sociology Department Evidence suggests children raised by homosexuals are more likely to experience gender and sexual disorders.
Although the evidence on child outcomes is sketchy, it does suggest that children raised by lesbians or homosexual men are more likely to experience gender and sexual disorders. Judith Stacey-- a sociologist and an advocate for same-sex civil marriage--reviewed the literature on child outcomes and found the following: "lesbian parenting may free daughters and sons from a broad but uneven range of traditional gender prescriptions.
She also found that a "significantly greater proportion of young adult children raised by lesbian mothers than those raised by heterosexual mothers Her review must be viewed judiciously, given the methodological flaws detailed by Professor Nock in the literature as a whole.
Nevertheless, theses studies give some credence to conservative concerns about the effects of homosexual parenting. See especially One of the biggest threats that same-sex "marriage" poses to marriage is that it would probably undercut the norm of sexual fidelity in marriage.
In the first edition of his book in defense of same-sex marriage, Virtually Normal , homosexual commentator Andrew Sullivan wrote: "There is more likely to be greater understanding of the need for extramarital outlets between two men than between a man and a woman.
One recent study of civil unions and marriages in Vermont suggests this is a very real concern. More than 79 percent of heterosexual married men and women, along with lesbians in civil unions, reported that they strongly valued sexual fidelity. Only about 50 percent of gay men in civil unions valued sexual fidelity.
University of Vermont Department of Psychology, Traditionally, marriage and procreation have been tightly connected to one another. Indeed, from a sociological perspective, the primary purpose that marriage serves is to secure a mother and father for each child who is born into a society.
Now, however, many Westerners see marriage in primarily emotional terms. Among other things, the danger with this mentality is that it fosters an anti-natalist mindset that fuels population decline, which in turn puts tremendous social, political, and economic strains on the larger society.
Same-sex marriage would only further undercut the procreative norm long associated with marriage insofar as it establishes that there is no necessary link between procreation and marriage. This was spelled out in the Goodridge decision in Massachusetts, where the majority opinion dismissed the procreative meaning of marriage. It is no accident that the countries that have legalized or are considering legalizing same-sex marriage have some of the lowest fertility rates in the world.
For instance, the Netherlands, Sweden, and Canada have birthrates that hover around 1. The divorce and sexual revolutions of the last four decades have seriously undercut the norm that couples should get and stay married if they intend to have children, are expecting a child, or already have children. Political scientist James Q. Wilson reports that the introduction of no-fault divorce further destabilized marriage by weakening the legal and cultural meaning of the marriage contract.
And today, support for same-sex marriage remains near its highest point since Pew Research Center began polling on this issue.
Among people who are religiously unaffiliated, a solid majority have supported same-sex marriage since Support for same-sex marriage among white evangelical Protestants remains lower than it is among other religious groups. Religious affiliation Religious attendance. Support for same-sex marriage has remained largely stable among both men and women since Support for same-sex marriage also has remained steady among whites, blacks and Hispanics over the past two years.
The increase in the share of adults who favor same-sex marriage over the past 15 years is due in part to generational change.
This is the state of LGBTI rights around the world in | World Economic Forum
Seventy-four percent of U. Subscribe to receive weekly Gallup News alerts. Never miss our latest insights. Of 21 personal behaviors and practices measured, Americans agree most widely that birth control is morally acceptable and that extramarital affairs are morally wrong. More Americans continue to believe sexual orientation is present at birth rather than a result of upbringing. Fifty years after Woodstock became the symbol of s social upheaval, Gallup trends highlight how much has changed in U.
In general, do you think gays or lesbians should or should not have equal rights as non-gays or non-lesbians in terms of job opportunities?
Yes, should No, should not Depends vol. In general, do you think homosexuals should or should not have equal rights in terms of job opportunities? Do you think gays or lesbians should or should not be hired for each of the following occupations?
In your view, is being gay or lesbian something a person is born with, or due to factors such as upbringing and environment? Born with Environment Both vol. Neither vol. Just your best guess, what percent of Americans today would you say are gay or lesbian? Do you think gays and lesbians should or should not be allowed to adopt children? What is your impression of how most Americans feel about gay or lesbian relations -- do most Americans think they are acceptable or not acceptable?
Acceptable Not acceptable Other vol. Do you think new civil rights laws are needed to reduce discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender people, or not? In terms of policies governing public restrooms, do you think these policies should -- [ROTATED: require transgender individuals to use the restroom that corresponds with their birth gender or should these policies allow transgender individuals to use the restroom that corresponds with their gender identity]?
Do you favor or oppose allowing openly transgender men and women to serve in the military? Next, I'm going to read you a list of issues. Regardless of whether or not you think it should be legal, for each one, please tell me whether you personally believe that in general it is morally acceptable or morally wrong. How about gay or lesbian relations? Morally acceptable Morally wrong Depends vol. Not a moral issue vol. Next, we'd like to know how you feel about the state of the nation in each of the following areas.
For each one, please say whether you are -- very satisfied, somewhat satisfied, somewhat dissatisfied or very dissatisfied. If you don't have enough information about a particular subject to rate it, just say so. How about -- the acceptance of gays and lesbians in the nation? Asked of those dissatisfied with acceptance of gays and lesbians in U. Would you like to see gays and lesbians be more widely accepted in this nation, less widely accepted, or is the acceptance of gays and lesbians in this nation today about right?
Thinking about how the gay marriage issue might affect your vote for major offices, would you -- [ROTATED: only vote for a candidate who shares your views on gay marriage, consider a candidate's position on gay marriage as just one of many important factors when voting, or would you not see gay marriage as a major issue?
What is your impression of how most Americans feel about same-sex marriage -- do you think most Americans are in favor of same-sex marriage or opposed to same-sex marriage? Do you think issues concerning gays and lesbians will always divide Americans, or do you think Americans will generally agree on those issues at some point in the future?
Just your best guess, do you think that allowing two people of the same sex to legally marry will change our society for -- [ROTATED: the better, will it have no effect or will it change our society for the worse]? Now I'd like you to think about how your attitudes toward gays and lesbians might have changed in the past few years.
Have you become -- [ROTATED: more accepting of gays and lesbians, have your attitudes not changed, or have you become less accepting of gays and lesbians]? Do you have any friends or relatives or coworkers who have told you, personally, that they are gay or lesbian? What are some of the reasons why you favor legal same-sex marriages? What are some of the reasons why you oppose legal same-sex marriages? Thinking back, would you say your views on same-sex marriage have or have not changed significantly over the course of your lifetime?
In what ways have your views on same-sex marriage changed? Do you think there should or should not be -- Adoption rights for gays and lesbians so they can legally adopt children? Do you think there should or should not be -- Health insurance and other employee benefits for gay and lesbian domestic partners or spouses?
Do you think there should or should not be -- Inheritance rights for gay and lesbian domestic partners or spouses? How serious a problem do you think discrimination against gays and lesbians is in this country -- a very serious problem, a somewhat serious problem, not too serious or not at all serious?
Do you have a family member, friend, coworker or personal acquaintance who you know is gay, or not? Do you favor or oppose allowing openly gay men and lesbian women to serve in the military?
As you may know, federal law currently allows prosecution of hate crimes committed on the basis of the victim's race, color, religion or national origin. There is a proposal to expand federal hate crime laws to include crimes committed against people because they are gay or lesbian.
Would you favor or oppose expanding the federal hate crime laws in this way? Are you, personally, comfortable or uncomfortable when you are around someone you know is gay or lesbian? Would you favor or oppose a constitutional amendment that would define marriage as being between a man and a woman, thus barring marriages between gay or lesbian couples? Do you feel that homosexuality should be considered an acceptable alternative lifestyle or not?
As you may know, under the current military policy, no one in the military is asked whether or not they are gay. But if they reveal that they are gay or they engage in homosexual activity, they will be discharged from the military.
Do you personally think -- [ROTATED: gays should be allowed to serve openly in the military, gays should be allowed to serve under the current policy or gays should not be allowed to serve in the military under any circumstances]?
Which of the following arrangements between gay or lesbian couples do you think should be recognized as legally valid -- same-sex marriages, civil unions, but not same-sex marriages, or neither same-sex marriages nor civil unions? Would you favor or oppose a law that would allow homosexual couples to legally form civil unions, giving them some of the legal rights of married couples? Do you think people who are openly gay or homosexual should -- or should not -- be allowed to serve in the U.
Foreign Trade: Opportunity or Threat to the U. Sign Up.