In general terms, Latin Jazz is a musical label defined by the combination of Jazz with Latin music rhythms. Brazilian Jazz, a style that emerged from the sounds of Bossa Nova thanks to artists like Antonio Carlos Jobim and Joao Gilberto , fits this general concept. However, this introduction to Latin Jazz history deals with the origins and development of the style that has come to define Latin Jazz as a whole: Afro-Cuban Jazz. Although the foundations of Latin Jazz were consolidated during the s and s, there is evidence about the inclusion of Afro-Cuban sounds into early Jazz. To this regard, Jazz pioneer Jelly Roll Morton used the term Latin tinge to make a reference to the rhythm that characterized some of the Jazz that was played in New Orleans at the beginning of the 20th century.
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As the century progressed, however, we started to see a more overt fusion of Jazz with Afro-Cuban musical traditions, especially with BeBop innovators like Dizzy Gillespie.
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- In general terms, Latin Jazz is a musical label defined by the combination of Jazz with Latin music rhythms.
- Latin jazz , also called Afro-Cuban jazz , a style of music that blends rhythms and percussion instruments of Cuba and the Spanish Caribbean with jazz and its fusion of European and African musical elements.
- Latin jazz is a genre of jazz with Latin American rhythms.
Latin jazz , also called Afro-Cuban jazz , a style of music that blends rhythms and percussion instruments of Cuba and the Spanish Caribbean with jazz and its fusion of European and African musical elements. Latin jazz was the result of a long process of interaction between American and Cuban music styles. Early in the 20th century, several American musicians adopted the Cuban habanera rhythm a syncopated four-beat pattern in their compositions; most notably, W. In the decades leading to , Latin American melodies and dance rhythms made their way farther northward into the United States, while the sounds of American jazz spread through the Caribbean and Central and South America.
Musicians and dancers across the entire region became familiar with both musical languages, and the large bands of the swing era expanded their repertory to include rumba s and congas, two types of Afro-Cuban dance music. He joined the Havana Symphony at age 16, while already playing jazz with local groups. Meanwhile, Dizzy Gillespie , one of the leaders of the new jazz style that came to be known as bebop , decided to combine Afro-Cuban dance rhythms with bebop elements, relying heavily on the guidance of Cuban percussionist, dancer, and composer Chano Pozo.
The growth of Afro-Cuban jazz continued with vigour in the s. As audience preferences evolved and economic incentives for musicians diminished in the s, big bands began to dissolve. Afro-Cuban jazz started to be called Latin jazz, most likely for marketing reasons, and the music, like jazz itself, began to be performed by smaller groups.
West Coast. They both led small combos, produced numerous recordings, and featured other prominent Latin jazz performers, such as pianist Eddie Cano, bassist Al McKibbon, and percussionist Willie Bobo. Afro-Cuban drummers played a fundamental role in the development of Latin jazz from the late s through the s, giving the genre its seemingly inexhaustible stream of rhythmic patterns, phrasing, and styles.
Bandleader and percussionist Tito Puente popularized the use in Latin jazz of the vibraphone and the timbales , a pair of shallow single-headed drums with a metal casing.
Although sometimes included under the rubric of Latin jazz, the fusion of Brazilian music with jazz properly deserves its own designation as Brazilian jazz. From the s onward, the development of Latin jazz was characterized by the exploration of diverse national traditions and the bridging of musical borders.
New generations of musicians expanded the Afro-Cuban foundation of the music by adding elements from other Latin American traditions. The Cuban orchestra Irakere was among the emblematic ensembles of this decade. Latin jazz continued to gain popularity and critical acclaim, and by the early 21st century it had become one of the most dynamic and diverse components of the jazz world.
Latin jazz. Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Written By: Raul Fernandez. See Article History. Start Your Free Trial Today. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Music , art concerned with combining vocal or instrumental sounds for beauty of form or emotional expression, usually according to cultural standards of rhythm, melody, and, in most Western music, harmony.
Both the simple folk song and the complex electronic composition belong to the same activity, music. Both are humanly engineered;…. Cuba , country of the West Indies, the largest single island of the archipelago, and one of the more-influential states of the Caribbean region.
The domain of the Arawakan-speaking Taino, who had displaced even earlier inhabitants, Cuba was claimed by Christopher Columbus for Spain in New Orleans , city, southeastern Louisiana, U. Unquestionably one of the most distinctive cities of the New World, New Orleans was established at great cost in an environment of conflict. Its strategic position, commanding the mouth of the great Mississippi-Missouri river system, which drains the rich interior of North America, made….
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What Is Latin Jazz? » Jazz Academy
This was a city, five-year tour across the United States and in the Caribbean. Percussionists assumed a dramatic new importance, new instruments found their way into the jazz lexicon, and the African heritage of both Caribbean and American music became more pronounced. New Orleans and Los Angeles jazz audiences and musicians also welcomed these new Caribbean influences.
Meanwhile, the sounds of American jazz spread through the Caribbean. Latin jazz entices its listeners to move. It invites its audiences to dance.
The son, mambo, rumba, and cumbia inspired the rhythms of Latin jazz. These dances have never been more popular than they are today. This bilingual exhibition explores the history, cultural context, musicians, places, instruments, and dance aesthetic behind the development of this musical genre.
Maps, audio-visual stations, vintage film footage, and oral history interviews enhance the exhibition's impact. The exhibition is part of a four-component project which also features suplementary educational materials, a book published by Chronicle, and a CD featuring some of the most influential Latin jazz recordings. Additional support has been provided by BET Jazz. This is the premiere of a city, four-year tour across the United States and in the Caribbean. Skip to main content.
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